The booklet, funded jointly by the Economic and Social Research Council and the Department for Enterprise, Trade and Investment (Northern Ireland) presents the views of two leading experts on productivity, Dr Chiara Criscuolo and Professor Richard Harris.
The growth of Northern Ireland’s economic output has been comparatively strong in recent years. However, using a variety of productivity measures, the country performs poorly when compared with other European countries, the US and Japan.
In terms of productivity, since the 1960s, Northern Ireland has consistently underperformed, compared to the UK average, in terms of Gross Value Added (GVA) per head of population and, despite recent relative improvements, Northern Ireland’s GVA remains some 20 per cent below the UK average. Low labour productivity relative to the rest of the UK is one of the key factors behind Northern Ireland’s poor economic prosperity.
Northern Ireland’s Programme for Government goal is to halve the private sector productivity gap with the UK by 2015. Recent research has identified a number of sectors with specific productivity issues including agriculture, construction, wholesale distribution, financial and business services, transport, and health and social services.
“Of particular concern is lower productivity in certain key service sectors,” argues researcher Professor Richard Harris. “In the support of the transport sector, telecoms, financial intermediation, computer and related business services, and especially other business services, productivity is considerably below the UK average.”
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In a recent publication in the renowned journal Optica, scientists of Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology (Leibniz IPHT) in Jena showed that they can accurately control the optical properties of liquid-core fiber lasers and therefore their spectral band width by temperature and pressure tuning.
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Scientists from the University of Freiburg and the University of Basel identified a master regulator for bone regeneration. Prasad Shastri, Professor of...
Moving into its fourth decade, AchemAsia is setting out for new horizons: The International Expo and Innovation Forum for Sustainable Chemical Production will take place from 21-23 May 2019 in Shanghai, China. With an updated event profile, the eleventh edition focusses on topics that are especially relevant for the Chinese process industry, putting a strong emphasis on sustainability and innovation.
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The BMBF-funded OWICELLS project was successfully completed with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich. The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot, while the robot carried out usual production processes (welding, moving and testing parts) in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes. The system can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s and five milliseconds latency.
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An international team of scientists has discovered a new way to transfer image information through multimodal fibers with almost no distortion - even if the fiber is bent. The results of the study, to which scientist from the Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology Jena (Leibniz IPHT) contributed, were published on 6thJune in the highly-cited journal Physical Review Letters.
Endoscopes allow doctors to see into a patient’s body like through a keyhole. Typically, the images are transmitted via a bundle of several hundreds of optical...
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21.06.2018 | Life Sciences