Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

Sea ice can control Antarctic ice sheet stability

Despite the rapid melting of ice in many parts of Antarctica during the second half of the 20th century, researchers have found that the floating ice shelves which skirt the…

Groundwater discovered in sediments buried deep under Antarctic ice

Study proves value of electromagnetic techniques in a new polar environment. Scientists have made the first detection of groundwater beneath an Antarctic ice stream. The discovery confirms what researchers had…

Model pinpoints glaciers at risk of collapse due to climate change

Meltwater seeping beneath Arctic glaciers puts thickest and fastest at risk of sudden collapse. As climate change warms the planet, glaciers are melting faster, and scientists fear that many will…

Space-based system using GPS satellites could warn of incoming tsunamis

A new method for detecting tsunamis using existing GPS satellites orbiting Earth could serve as an effective warning system for countries worldwide, according to a new study by an international…

New earthquake assessments to strengthen preparedness in Europe

During the 20th century, earthquakes in Europe accounted for more than 200,000 deaths and over 250 billion Euros in losses. Comprehensive earthquake hazard and risk assessments are crucial to reducing…

Volcanoes at fault if the Earth slips

KyotoU drills into unexpected rupture pattern of active fault in southwestern Japan. The 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes shocked inhabitants of the western island of Kyushu, causing hundreds of casualties and serious…

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