Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

Undersea earthquakes shake up climate science

Despite climate change being most obvious to people as unseasonably warm winter days or melting glaciers, as much as 95 percent of the extra heat trapped on Earth by greenhouse…

Emissions could add 15 inches to 2100 sea level rise, NASA-led study finds

An international effort that brought together more than 60 ice, ocean and atmosphere scientists from three dozen international institutions has generated new estimates of how much of an impact Earth’s…

Siberia’s permafrost erosion has been worsening for years

Coastal erosion in the Lena Delta is contributing to the greenhouse effect The Arctic is warming faster than any other region on the planet. As a result, permafrost that is…

Evergreen needles act as air quality monitors

Measuring magnetic particles on needles reveals particulate air pollution. Every tree, even an evergreen, can be an air quality monitor. That’s the conclusion of researchers at the University of Utah…

Global warming threatens soil phosphorus

A soil scientist from RUDN University found out that the resources of organic phosphorus in the soils of the Tibetan Plateau could be depleted because of global warming. To do…

Scientists map freshwater transport in the Arctic Ocean

The Ob, Yenisei, and Lena rivers flow into the Kara and Laptev seas and account for about half of the total freshwater runoff to the Arctic Ocean. The transport and…

Rebirth of a volcano

For the first time, long-term photogrammetic series document the “life cycle” of a volcano. The analyses shows that volcanoes have a kind of memory. Volcanoes are born and die –…

Drought in Europe decreases carbon uptake and crop yields

Extremely hot and dry summers are expected to be much more frequent in the future due to climate change. ICOS, the Integrated Carbon Observation System, has enabled a set of…

Fossil growth reveals insights into the climate

Panthasaurus maleriensis lived about 225 million years ago in what is now India. It is an ancestor of today’s amphibians and has been considered the most puzzling representative of the…

MOSAiC aerial campaign: first aerial survey flights in the Arctic since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic

German polar research aircraft launch from Svalbard to conduct aerial surveys of the sea ice and atmosphere over the Arctic Ocean Following a five-month mandatory delay due to the coronavirus…

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