Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

Strong quake, small tsunami

GEOMAR scientists publish unique data set on the northern Chilean subduction zone. Northern Chile is an ideal natural laboratory to study the origin of earthquakes. Here, the Pacific Nazca plate…

Space-based system can provide seismic monitoring for large earthquakes and tsunamis

Researchers have developed a global earthquake monitoring system that uses the Global Navigational Satellite System (GNSS) to measure crustal deformation. The monitoring system within seconds can rapidly assess earthquake magnitude…

New indicator for oxygen levels in early oceans developed

Oxygen is essential for the development of higher life. However, it was hardly present in the oceans of the young Earth. It was not until the evolution of photosynthetic bacteria…

Using cosmic-ray neutron bursts to understand gamma-ray bursts from lightning

An ‘accidental discovery’ confirms what simulations show … Analysis of data from a lightning mapper and a small, hand-held radiation detector has unexpectedly shed light on what a gamma-ray burst…

Seasonal water resource on the Upper Indus

Heidelberg geographers draw up full inventory of barely researched aufeis (icing) fields. Seasonally occurring fields of aufeis (icing) constitute an important resource for the water supply of the local population…

Red Sea is no longer a baby ocean

Hidden structures reveal 13 million years of seafloor spreading. It is 2,250 kilometers long, but only 355 kilometers wide at its widest point – on a world map, the Red…

Fiber optic cable monitors microseismicity in Antarctica

At the Seismological Society of America’s 2021 Annual Meeting, researchers shared how they are using fiber optic cable to detect the small earthquakes that occur in ice in Antarctica. The…

Cracking the code of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Artificial Intelligence tools enable researchers to ‘shake hands’ with ancient scribes. The Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered some seventy years ago, are famous for containing the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew…

Raw material potential for the steel industry

Geology experts of TU Freiberg analyze the quality of Swedish ores. Research work on the Per Geijer iron ore deposits of Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Aktiebolag (LKAB) near Kiruna is ongoing at TU…

Northern Star Coral study could help protect tropical corals

Rhode Island considers naming the local coral as a state emblem. As the Rhode Island legislature considers designating the Northern Star Coral an official state emblem, researchers are finding that…

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