Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences (also referred to as Geosciences), which deals with basic issues surrounding our planet, plays a vital role in the area of energy and raw materials supply.

Earth Sciences comprises subjects such as geology, geography, geological informatics, paleontology, mineralogy, petrography, crystallography, geophysics, geodesy, glaciology, cartography, photogrammetry, meteorology and seismology, early-warning systems, earthquake research and polar research.

Geophysicists detect electron dance deep inside the Earth, with a Twist

A new study detects the unique seismological signature of an electron spin crossover in the deep Earth. Most are aware that electrons are negatively charged particles that surround the nucleus…

Antarctic ice-sheet destabilized within a decade

A new Study provides critical insights into ice mass loss in Antarctica. After the natural warming that followed the last Ice Age, there were repeated periods when masses of icebergs…

First-ever interior Earth mineral discovered in nature

New mineral from Earth’s lower mantle surfaced as diamond inclusion; study led by UNLV geochemist Oliver Tschauner. UNLV geochemists have discovered a new mineral on the surface of the Earth….

Researchers recreate deep-Earth conditions to see how iron copes with extreme stress

New observations of the atomic structure of iron reveal it undergoes “twinning” under extreme stress and pressure. Far below you lies a sphere of solid iron and nickel about as…

Insights into climate and landscape development in the Alpine region

The project “Drilling Overdeepened Alpine Valleys (DOVE)”, part of the “International Continental Scientific Drilling Program” (ICDP), aims to reconstruct the spatial and temporal climate development during the ice ages up…

Explanation for unusual isotope patterns

PNAS publication: In a laboratory experiment, MARUM researchers simulate alternative hydrocarbon formation through reduction of acetic acid. The isotopic compositions of hydrocarbon compounds are like a fingerprint. They can clearly…

A life less obvious

Study sheds light on the evolution of underground microbes. A new study sheds light on the evolutionary history of what might be the most elusive form of life on Earth:…

The silent build-up to a super-eruption

Geologists from the UNIGE and Peking University have developed a technique that makes it possible to estimate the maximum size of a future super-eruption of Toba volcano in Sumatra. It…

How the ozone hole influences Antarctic Ice

Ozone depletion has had a direct effect on the geochemical cycle of iodine trapped in Antarctic ice. The ozone hole doesn’t just affect the health of human, terrestrial and marine…

Microorganisms produce elemental carbon

Purely biological: Researchers identify a new kind of pure carbon production by microorganisms. Life on the Earth is based on carbon. Through the course of evolution, living organisms have learned…

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