Materials Sciences

Materials management deals with the research, development, manufacturing and processing of raw and industrial materials. Key aspects here are biological and medical issues, which play an increasingly important role in this field.

innovations-report offers in-depth articles related to the development and application of materials and the structure and properties of new materials.

Scientists watch 2D puddles of electrons emerge in a 3D superconducting material

It’s an example of how surprising properties can spontaneously emerge in complex materials — a phenomenon scientists hope to harness for novel technologies. Creating a two-dimensional material, just a few…

Better solutions for making hydrogen may lie just at the surface

A clean energy future propelled by hydrogen fuel depends on figuring out how to reliably and efficiently split water. That’s because, even though hydrogen is abundant, it must be derived…

Optically Active Defects Improve Carbon Nanotubes

Heidelberg scientists achieve defect control with a new reaction pathway. The properties of carbon-based nanomaterials can be altered and engineered through the deliberate introduction of certain structural “imperfections” or defects….

A breakthrough that enables practical semiconductor spintronics

It may be possible in the future to use information technology where electron spin is used to store, process and transfer information in quantum computers. It has long been the…

The spintronics technology revolution could be just a hopfion away

Pioneering study co-led by Berkeley Lab has significance for next-gen information technologies. A decade ago, the discovery of quasiparticles called magnetic skyrmions provided important new clues into how microscopic spin…

Entropy measurements reveal exotic effect in “magic-angle” graphene

Researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology discover a surprising phase transition in twisted bilayer graphene. Most materials go from being solids to liquids…

3D design leads to first stable and strong self-assembling 1D nanographene wires

Nanographene is flexible, yet stronger than steel. With unique physical and electronic properties, the material consists of carbon molecules only one atom thick arranged in a honeycomb shape. Still early…

Scientists observe role of cavitation in glass fracturing

Glassy materials play an integral role in the modern world, but inherent brittleness has long been the Achilles’ heel that severely limits their usefulness. Due to the disordered amorphous structure…

Making cleaner, greener plastics from waste fish parts

Polyurethanes, a type of plastic, are nearly everywhere — in shoes, clothes, refrigerators and construction materials. But these highly versatile materials can have a major downside. Derived from crude oil,…

Less than a nanometer thick, stronger and more versatile than steel

Scientists create stable nanosheets containing boron and hydrogen atoms with potential applications in nanoelectronics and quantum information technology. What’s thinner than thin? One answer is two-dimensional materials — exotic materials…

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