Health and Medicine

This subject area encompasses research and studies in the field of human medicine.

Among the wide-ranging list of topics covered here are anesthesiology, anatomy, surgery, human genetics, hygiene and environmental medicine, internal medicine, neurology, pharmacology, physiology, urology and dental medicine.

Acute itching in eczema patients linked to environmental allergens

Newly identified pathway explains why antihistamine drugs often don’t work to control severe itch. In addition to a skin rash, many eczema sufferers also experience chronic itching, but sometimes that…

NIH scientists identify nutrient that helps prevent bacterial infection

Taurine, which helps the body digest fats and oils, could offer treatment benefit Scientists studying the body’s natural defenses against bacterial infection have identified a nutrient–taurine–that helps the gut recall…

A rift in the retina may help repair the optic nerve

In experiments in mouse tissues and human cells, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have found that removing a membrane that lines the back of the eye may improve the…

Open Innovation on the rise in medical and pharmaceutical research

The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Digital Health and Patient Safety has analyzed previously published scientific publications on open innovation in the context of medical and pharmaceutical research. The results of the…

Nanoparticle immunization technology could protect against many strains of coronaviruses

Method presents the immune system with several different coronaviruses at once. The SARS-CoV-2 virus that is causing the COVID-19 pandemic is just one of many different viruses in the coronavirus…

Routine eye scans may give clues to cognitive decline in diabetes

In older people with type 1 diabetes, damage to the retina may be linked to memory problems and other cognitive conditions. As they age, people with diabetes are more likely…

Light flips genetic switch in bacteria inside transparent worms

Light-controlled genes could reveal how gut bacteria impact health. Baylor College of Medicine researcher Meng Wang had already shown that bacteria that make a metabolite called colanic acid (CA) could…

AI-designed serotonin sensor may help scientists study sleep and mental health

NIH BRAIN Initiative scientists used machine learning to redesign a bacterial ‘Venus flytrap’ protein that can monitor brain serotonin levels in real time. Serotonin is a neurochemical that plays a…

Study shows link between HIV infection and cervical cancer

Sixfold increase in risk A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has quantified the effects of an infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on the development…

Reston ebolavirus spreads efficiently in pigs

Finding reveals potential for spread to humans Reston ebolavirus (RESTV) should be considered a livestock pathogen with potential to affect other mammals, including people, according to National Institutes of Health…

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