Physics and Astronomy

This area deals with the fundamental laws and building blocks of nature and how they interact, the properties and the behavior of matter, and research into space and time and their structures.

innovations-report provides in-depth reports and articles on subjects such as astrophysics, laser technologies, nuclear, quantum, particle and solid-state physics, nanotechnologies, planetary research and findings (Mars, Venus) and developments related to the Hubble Telescope.

The Electron Merry-Go-Round

Photoemission is a property of metals and other materials that emit electrons when struck by light. Electron emission after light absorption was already explained by Albert Einstein. But since this…

How electrons behave in quantum critical ferromagnets?

At a classical second-order phase transition, condensed matter systems acquire long-range order upon cooling below the transition temperature, and the properties near the transition are driven by thermal fluctuations. These…

Black holes help with star birth

The cosmic mass monsters clear the way for the formation of new suns in satellite galaxies. Research combining systematic observations with cosmological simulations has found that, surprisingly, black holes can…

Trions exhibit novel characteristics in moiré superlattices

New physics revealed by UC Riverside-led research could improve understanding of moiré superlattices. When two similar atomic layers with mismatching lattice constants — the constant distance between a layer’s unit…

Probing the Dynamics of Photoemission

Physicists at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics (MPQ) and Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich (LMU) have used ultrashort laser pulses to probe the dynamics of photoelectron emission in tungsten…

Near-field routing of hyperbolic metamaterials

Flexible control of the propagating direction of near-field light can be realized with hyperbolic metamaterials, using an all-electric metasource. Near-field light is invisible light at the subwavelength scale. Harnessed for…

Discovery of the largest rotation in the universe

By mapping the motion of galaxies in huge filaments that connect the cosmic web, astronomers at the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), in collaboration with scientists in China and…

Digital twins for fusion plasmas

Major advances in plasma modelling and simulation / Prediction instead of interpretation. A recent publication from Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) on the theoretical prediction of a novel…

Researchers discover a key cause of energy loss in spintronic materials

Study could help engineers build more efficient magnetic materials for computers. A study led by University of Minnesota Twin Cities researchers uncovered a property of magnetic materials that will allow…

Insulators turn up the heat on quantum bits

Physicists have long suspected that dielectric materials may significantly disrupt ion-trap quantum computers. Now, researchers led by Tracy Northup have developed a new method to quantify this source of error…

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