This is what experts stated in a survey on the current debt crisis and its possible impact on the economy, which the IVAM Microtechnology Network has conducted in late September.
Just over half the industry experts (53%) assume that the economy will stagnate over the next six months. But some of them say that only a number of industries and specific regions may be affected by a new recession. While the economy may stagnate, or even shrink, in the U.S. and Europe, the experts are predicting continued growth in emerging economies such as China, India, Russia and Brazil.
Being a suppliers industry, the microsystems industry very much depends on the business of their customers. While many microtechnology business owners have confidence in the saleability of their own products and technologies, they are sometimes unsure about their customers business, which may make them more pessimistic about their business prospects than the present market situation actually calls for.
New recession a self-fulfilling prophecy?
Almost one third (29%) of the experts are certain: the economy will continue to grow, though perhaps not as much as predicted earlier in the year. The economy is still well off, they say, but might be affected by a mood of pessimism and the indecision of politicians how to address the debt crisis. The experience gained from the economic and financial crisis in 2008 have made some decision makers careful and reluctant to spend or invest.
Whether political decisions will have an impact on the economic development or not, is a question the experts disagree about. While some think a right course in Euro politics is a prerequisite for ensuring a stable economic situation, others hope the economy will develop independently of political decisions – simply according to the market situation.
Mona Okroy | idw
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At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.
Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
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