In 2012, the number of male professors amounted to 43,900, while that of female professors was only 9,000.
At today's press conference on "Heading for gender equality? Education, employment and social matters - differences in the situation of women and men", Roderich Egeler, President of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), stated that 20% of the professor posts at German institutions of higher education were held by women. He underlined, however, that a comparison of the relevant structures showed a strong trend in favour of women in the past ten years. In 2002, the relevant proportion had been only 12%.
As a matter of fact, the higher the level of academic profession, the smaller the proportion of women at German institutions of higher education. While, in 2012, nearly half of the first semester students and graduates were female, the proportion of women pursuing a doctoral degree was only 45% and that of women with a post-doctoral lecturing qualification 27%.
The phenomenon of higher positions seldom being held by women occurs not only at institutions of higher education. Women are underrepresented in senior positions in private business and public administration, too. In 2012, their proportion was only 29%.
In Germany, the gender pay gap continues to be high - also in comparison to other European countries. Since first calculations were made in 1995, the difference in the average gross hourly earnings has remained almost unchanged (over 20%). In 2013, the gender pay gap was 22%.
Roderich Egeler mentioned a number of other issues to describe the different situation of women and men in Germany from a statistical perspective:
• Starting a family and caring for children have a strong impact on women's employment. Only 32% of mothers with a child under the age of three were actively employed in 2012. The labour force participation of mothers increases with the increasing age of the child. The employment rate of fathers was permanently between 82% and 85%, irrespective of the child's age.
• Part-time work is more common among mothers than among fathers. In 2012, 69% of working mothers who had a minor child worked part time. The relevant proportion of fathers was only 6%. There were different reasons for part-time work. 81% of mothers working part time reduced their working hours for personal or family reasons, while fathers reduced their hours of work mainly because they did not find a full-time job (39%).
• Child care is mostly the responsibility of mothers: As a matter of fact, mothers received parental allowance for 96% of the children born in 2012, while fathers were beneficiaries regarding not more than 29% of those children. However, the proportion of fathers has increased continuously in the recent past. In 2009, fathers received parental allowance for not more than 24% of the newborn children. Though, generally, the proportion of fathers has increased, the periods over which they receive parental allowance have become shorter. While the average period of receipt was 3.5 months for children born in 2009, it was only 3.2 months in 2012.
• The indicators of poverty and social exclusion, too, show differences between the genders. In 2012, 21.5% of women and only 18.2% of men aged 18 and over were affected by poverty or social exclusion in Germany.
• Both the lower labour force participation and smaller income of women create a situation where more female pensioners living alone have to get by on a low net income (below 900 euros). In 2012, one quarter (25%) of women and only 16% of men aged 65 and over lived in such circumstances.
For detailed results please refer to the press conference material and supplementary tables at www.destatis.de -> Presse -> Pressekonferenzen.
For further information: Press Office of the Federal Statistical Office,
tel: (+49-611) 75-3444,
Press Office | Statistisches Bundesamt
New drug reduces transplant and mortality rates significantly in patients with hepatitis C
29.05.2017 | Intermountain Medical Center
Institutions of higher education spent more than Euro 48 billion in 2014
19.05.2016 | Statistisches Bundesamt
What if, instead of turning up the thermostat, you could warm up with high-tech, flexible patches sewn into your clothes - while significantly reducing your...
A widely used diabetes medication combined with an antihypertensive drug specifically inhibits tumor growth – this was discovered by researchers from the University of Basel’s Biozentrum two years ago. In a follow-up study, recently published in “Cell Reports”, the scientists report that this drug cocktail induces cancer cell death by switching off their energy supply.
The widely used anti-diabetes drug metformin not only reduces blood sugar but also has an anti-cancer effect. However, the metformin dose commonly used in the...
A research team from the University of Zurich has developed a new drone that can retract its propeller arms in flight and make itself small to fit through narrow gaps and holes. This is particularly useful when searching for victims of natural disasters.
Inspecting a damaged building after an earthquake or during a fire is exactly the kind of job that human rescuers would like drones to do for them. A flying...
Over the last decade, there has been much excitement about the discovery, recognised by the Nobel Prize in Physics only two years ago, that there are two types...
What if a sensor sensing a thing could be part of the thing itself? Rice University engineers believe they have a two-dimensional solution to do just that.
Rice engineers led by materials scientists Pulickel Ajayan and Jun Lou have developed a method to make atom-flat sensors that seamlessly integrate with devices...
12.12.2018 | Event News
10.12.2018 | Event News
06.12.2018 | Event News
13.12.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
13.12.2018 | Earth Sciences
13.12.2018 | Life Sciences