Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Increasing Eastern European agricultural production as a key to global food security

30.01.2014
Outcomes of the Eastern European regional panel at International Green Week 2014

Russia and Ukraine are among the largest grain exporters worldwide. At the same time, both countries have considerable potential to increase their agricultural production, due to abandoned land and low land productivity.

If Russia and Ukraine can manage - with their specific social, economic and ecological challenges - to establish suitable agrarian policy framework conditions, the two countries could make a vital contribution to global food security.

Development opportunities and risks in agricultural production in Eastern Europe were discussed at an expert panel comprised of high-profile representatives in politics, business and academia. The event, titled ‘Eastern Europe as key region to contribute to global food security,’ was hosted by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO) together with the Committee on Eastern European Economic Relations as part of the Global Forum for Food and Agriculture (GFFA) on 17 January 2014.

Dr. Eckhard Cordes, Chairman of the Committee on Eastern European Economic Relations (OA), emphasized in his opening address the substantial yield potentials in Russia and Ukraine for global food security. Following Cordes, Dr. Dietrich Guth, Head of Department, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, explained that investments into modern technologies, education and advanced training of skilled labor as well as legal clarity and transparency are important factors for increasing agricultural production. Extension of existing bilateral cooperation of Russia and Ukraine with Germany as well as convergence to the fundamental political values of the EU would make an essential contribution to strengthening the agricultural sector in these countries.

Development potential for raising land productivity

IAMO Director Professor Alfons Balmann stated in his introduction that the increasing worldwide demand for agricultural products is attributable to population growth, increasing consumption of high-value products such as meat and milk, as well as production of renewable energies and raw materials. Increasing agricultural production and satisfying the growing food demand could be achieved by both extending land used for agriculture and by intensifying production on existing farmland. Each strategy contains a different set of potentials, as wells as associated environmental risks and social impacts. Balmann quoted current research studies at IAMO which identify the actual potential of re-cultivation and enhancing productivity. An 80 per cent exhaustion of yield potentials combined with modern technologies and production equipment would result in an average increase in wheat production of 50 per cent. Successful intensification and modernization of farming businesses, however, would require lowering export and import restrictions, creating reliable political framework conditions, as well as improving infrastructure, education, research, and living conditions in rural areas.

Closer alignment of Ukrainian agriculture to EU standards

The expert panel was also addressed by Oleksandr Sen, the Deputy Minister of Agricultural Policy of Ukraine, who detailed agrarian policy strategies and measures designed to contribute to global food security. The agricultural sector in Ukraine is operating in a market economy environment without any substantial government subsidies. Dr. Alex Lissitsa, CEO, Industrial Milk Company, Kiev, criticized the unpredictable agricultural policy of Ukraine. From an entrepreneurial perspective he identified major problems for sustainable development of the sector notably in the fields of financing and difficulties in access to credits as well as unclear value-added tax regulations and a general lack of legal certainty for transactions. As a further substantial obstacle for agricultural development, he emphasized the pending liberalization of the land market. Deputy Minister Sen underlined that it will be necessary to improve quality in production, notably among family farms and small-scale producers. The Deputy Minister quoted comprehensive establishment of standards and their harmonization in target export countries as a key objective.

Considerable challenges for small and medium-sized agricultural businesses in Russia

Russia is aware of its potential for contribution to the global food supply and thus its position as a global player. Various resources and favorable ecological conditions of the country cannot veil the fact that the political changes in the 1990s caused the setting-aside of a high percentage of land formerly used for agriculture. Aleksandr Petrikov, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, pointed out that there has been no further decline in cultivated farmland in Russia after 2006. Petrikov explained that improvement of the investment climate, adaptation of agricultural producers to meteorological and economic circumstances as well as improved access to national and international agricultural and food markets are the core elements of Russia’s agricultural policy aiming to enhance economic growth in agriculture. Stefan Dürr, President of the EkoNiva group of companies, assessed the framework conditions in Russian agriculture as very good from a business perspective and for an entrepreneur even better than in the EU. Major challenges faced by large-scale enterprises and agroholdings in Russia are in the fields of in-house management and standardization of intra-corporate processes. According to Dürr, smaller farms, and even operations with several thousand hectares, are facing major challenges with regard to financing and market access, training of skilled labor, as well as overcoming imbalanced bureaucracy.

Text: 5,900 characters (with spaces)

About IAMO

The Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO) analyses economic, social and political processes of change in the agricultural and food sector, and in rural areas. The geographic focus covers the enlarging EU, transitional regions in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe, as well as Central and Eastern Asia. IAMO is making a contribution towards enhancing understanding of institutional, structural and technological changes. Moreover, IAMO is studying the resulting impacts on the agricultural and food sector as well as the living conditions of rural populations. The outcomes of our work are used to derive and analyse strategies and options for enterprises, agricultural markets and politics. Since its foundation in 1994, IAMO has been part of the Leibniz Association, a German community of independent research institutes.

Please note that since the beginning of this year the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe is renamed Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies. The acronym IAMO is still valid.

Media Contact

Daniela Schimming
Public Relations
Tel.: +49 345 2928-330
Fax: +49 345 2928-499
presse@iamo.de
www.iamo.de/en
About Committee on Eastern European Economic Relations
The Committee on Eastern European Economic Relations (OA) is a joint organization of the leading associations representing German business and acts as a central point of contact for German companies with interests in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Central Asia, South Caucasus and South-eastern Europe. The OA supports economic policy developments in bilateral relations with those countries and promotes trade, investments and service transfers by German companies in this region. The Agribusiness Working Group of the Committee on Eastern European Economic Relations is the only regional initiative of the German business community to have pooled the international commitment of the German agricultural and food industry since 2001. The OA organizes and hosts the GFFA Berlin.

Media Contact

Andreas Metz
Pressand Communication
Tel.:+49 30 206167-120
Fax: +49 30 2028-2441
a.metz@bdi.eu

Daniela Schimming | idw
Further information:
http://www.ost-ausschuss.de
http://www.iamo.de/en

More articles from Trade Fair News:

nachricht Novel coatings combine protection with colour effects
27.03.2015 | INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH

nachricht Surface-modified nanoparticles endow coatings with combined properties
26.03.2015 | INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH

All articles from Trade Fair News >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Experiment Provides the Best Look Yet at 'Warm Dense Matter' at Cores of Giant Planets

In an experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists precisely measured the temperature and structure of aluminum as...

Im Focus: Energy-autonomous and wireless monitoring protects marine gearboxes

The IPH presents a solution at HANNOVER MESSE 2015 to make ship traffic more reliable while decreasing the maintenance costs at the same time. In cooperation with project partners, the research institute from Hannover, Germany, has developed a sensor system which continuously monitors the condition of the marine gearbox, thus preventing breakdowns. Special feature: the monitoring system works wirelessly and energy-autonomously. The required electrical power is generated where it is needed – directly at the sensor.

As well as cars need to be certified regularly (in Germany by the TÜV – Technical Inspection Association), ships need to be inspected – if the powertrain stops...

Im Focus: 3-D satellite, GPS earthquake maps isolate impacts in real time

Method produced by UI researcher could improve reaction time to deadly, expensive quakes

When an earthquake hits, the faster first responders can get to an impacted area, the more likely infrastructure--and lives--can be saved.

Im Focus: Atlantic Ocean overturning found to slow down already today

The Atlantic overturning is one of Earth’s most important heat transport systems, pumping warm water northwards and cold water southwards. Also known as the Gulf Stream system, it is responsible for the mild climate in northwestern Europe. 

Scientists now found evidence for a slowdown of the overturning – multiple lines of observation suggest that in recent decades, the current system has been...

Im Focus: Robot inspects concrete garage floors and bridge roadways for damage

Because they are regularly subjected to heavy vehicle traffic, emissions, moisture and salt, above- and underground parking garages, as well as bridges, frequently experience large areas of corrosion. Most inspection systems to date have only been capable of inspecting smaller surface areas.

From April 13 to April 17 at the Hannover Messe (hall 2, exhibit booth C16), engineers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing IZFP will be...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

World Conference On Regenerative Medicine 2015: Registration And Abstract Submission Now Open

25.03.2015 | Event News

University presidents from all over the world meet in Hamburg

19.03.2015 | Event News

10. CeBiTec Symposium zum Big Data-Problem

17.03.2015 | Event News

 
Latest News

Biology in a twist -- deciphering the origins of cell behavior

31.03.2015 | Life Sciences

Wrapping carbon nanotubes in polymers enhances their performance

31.03.2015 | Materials Sciences

Research Links Two Millennia of Cyclones, Floods, El Niño

31.03.2015 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>