Plants have been suggested as potential cost-effective and safe GP-production systems; yet, major differences in the final steps of biosynthetic pathways in mammals and plants lead to different glycosylation patterns, provoking an immune response when treating humans with GPs produced in plants. On the other hand, glycosylation is a pre-requisite for proper protein folding, which in case of diagnostic and therapeutic glycoproteins should ideally not include immu-nogenic residues. Challenge State-of-the-art approaches utilize glycosylation mutants or overexpression of the desired protein product (intending to override the cellular glycosylation machinery), although such mutants either show impaired yield or loss of vitality in com-parison to wild-type plants. Also, glycan components rarely terminate in mannose residues, which is essential for uptake via mannose receptors in patients with lysosomal storage diseases. This invention provides a new tool to generate GPs with hypo-allergenic properties in a cost-effective way: In con-trast to current methods, the new technique enables effec-tive production of heterologous GPs by vital plants without impair¬¬ments. The technology is based on genetic modifica-tion of the plant glycosylation pathway.
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So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.
The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...
Cardiovascular tissue engineering aims to treat heart disease with prostheses that grow and regenerate. Now, researchers from the University of Zurich, the Technical University Eindhoven and the Charité Berlin have successfully implanted regenerative heart valves, designed with the aid of computer simulations, into sheep for the first time.
Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of the main research fields in regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering, which involves growing...
A team of scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg investigated optically-induced superconductivity in the alkali-doped fulleride K3C60under high external pressures. This study allowed, on one hand, to uniquely assess the nature of the transient state as a superconducting phase. In addition, it unveiled the possibility to induce superconductivity in K3C60 at temperatures far above the -170 degrees Celsius hypothesized previously, and rather all the way to room temperature. The paper by Cantaluppi et al has been published in Nature Physics.
Unlike ordinary metals, superconductors have the unique capability of transporting electrical currents without any loss. Nowadays, their technological...
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