Mouth guards and mouth pieces are widely used in many fields of applica-tions. Mouth guards can prevent or reduce injury to the teeth and gums in contact sports like American football or boxing. Furthermore mouth pieces are used in medical breathing apparatus or diving equipment. They are even utilized in dental procedures like tooth bleaching or as dental night guards. Mouth guards and mouth pieces are either produced in mass production with low costs resulting in a poor wearing comfort or they are manufactured by an expensive customized fabrication process. There is a great demand for custom-fit mouth guards and dental appliances without the need to have it formed by a dentist. Mouth guards and mouthpieces are usually made from soft or hard materials, but it would be desirable to fabricate custom-fit mouth guards which are hard enough to offer protection and soft enough to provide a high wearing comfort.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> This self-customizable mouth guard is made of a shape memory polymer (e.g. polyesterurethane). The shape memory polymer turns into the custom form, if it is heated and custom-fitted (boil-and-bite principle). But the shape memory polymer can return to its predefined form when heating them above a material-dependent transition temperature and the mouth guard can be custom fitted several times. Due to its customized form the mouth guard enables a high wearing comfort. <br><br>
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
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