Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Tropical Storm Iselle Departs Hawaii While Julio Stays Well North

13.08.2014

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite passed over Tropical Storm Iselle and gathered data on clouds and rainfall as it affected Hawaii.

Iselle was once a rather powerful category 4 hurricane in the East Pacific with sustained winds estimated at 120 knots (~138 mph) by the National Hurricane Center. Fortunately, a combination of southwesterly wind shear, drier air and cooler waters weakened Iselle considerably as it approached the Hawaiian Islands. 


Rainfall estimates for the period Aug. 4 to 11 for the Hawaiian Islands. Two swaths of heavier rain show the paths of Iselle and Julio. Iselle's rainfall totaled 60 to 80 mm (~3 inches, green) over the southeast coast of Hawaii and upwards of 120 mm (~5 inches, red) over Kauai.

Image Credit: SSAI/NASA, Hal Pierce

Although much weaker, Iselle still struck the southeast Kau coast of the Big Island of Hawaii as a rather strong tropical storm.  In fact Iselle, was the strongest and only the second tropical storm to hit the Big Island in over 50 years.  The center made landfall around 2:30 am HST on Friday, August 8, near Pahala with sustained winds of 60 mph.

The Big Island bore the brunt of the storm where downed trees and power lines left 25,000 people without power.  Currently, several days after the storm, around 8,000 are still without power on the island.  After hitting the Big Island, Iselle continued to track to the west-northwest keeping the center of circulation well south of the rest of the Hawaiian Islands, which mainly received just rain from Iselle's outer rainbands.  On Kauai, however, one woman was reported to have been swept away and drowned while hiking.

... more about:
»Hawaii »Hawaiian »Island »NASA »Space »TMPA »rainfall »satellite »tropical »winds

TRMM captured an image of Iselle on August 9 at 09:06 UTC (August 8 at 11:06 p.m. local time) as the center was passing well south of the far western islands of Kauai and Ni'ihau.  By that time, Iselle had been degraded to a tropical depression, and TRMM showed the exposed center of Iselle, which was devoid of any eyewall or even rain. There are several outer rainbands located only on the northeast side of the storm that were still effecting the western part of the state. 

Data from that same satellite over pass (orbit) was used to create a 3-D image of the storm looking north.   Areas in green show that much of the rain is relatively shallow with tops ranging from about 5 to 8 km, but there are isolated areas of higher tops associated with deeper penetrating individual convective cells embedded within the rainbands.

At NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland a TRMM-based, near-real time Multi-satellite Precipitation data (TMPA) analysis was conducted that uses TRMM data to calibrate rainfall estimates from other satellites. The analysis expands the rainfall coverage of the TRMM satellite.  TMPA rainfall estimates were calculated to cover August 4 to 11 for the Hawaiian Islands and surrounding area.

  Two swaths of heavier rain showed the paths taken by Iselle and Julio, which formed a few days after Iselle and followed a path slightly more to the north.  Iselle's rainfall totals are on the order of 60 to 80 mm (~3 inches) over the southeast coast of Hawaii and upwards of 120 mm (~5 inches) over Kauai.  Locally, up to 14 inches of rain was reported in the higher elevations of the Big Island. 

Julio, which is now a tropical storm, is currently located well north of Oahu (about 500 miles from Honolulu) and expected to continue moving away from Hawaii and steadily weaken.

TRMM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese space agency JAXA.

Text credit:  Stephen Lang
SSAI/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

Rob Gutro | Eurek Alert!
Further information:
http://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/iselle-eastern-pacific-ocean/

Further reports about: Hawaii Hawaiian Island NASA Space TMPA rainfall satellite tropical winds

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Earth Day: Disease spread among species is predictable
24.04.2015 | National Science Foundation

nachricht Warming climate may release vast amounts of carbon from long-frozen Arctic soils
24.04.2015 | University of Georgia

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fast and Accurate 3-D Imaging Technique to Track Optically-Trapped Particles

KAIST researchers published an article on the development of a novel technique to precisely track the 3-D positions of optically-trapped particles having complicated geometry in high speed in the April 2015 issue of Optica.

Daejeon, Republic of Korea, April 23, 2015--Optical tweezers have been used as an invaluable tool for exerting micro-scale force on microscopic particles and...

Im Focus: NOAA, Tulane identify second possible specimen of 'pocket shark' ever found

Pocket sharks are among the world's rarest finds

A very small and rare species of shark is swimming its way through scientific literature. But don't worry, the chances of this inches-long vertebrate biting...

Im Focus: Drexel materials scientists putting a new spin on computing memory

Ever since computers have been small enough to be fixtures on desks and laps, their central processing has functioned something like an atomic Etch A Sketch, with electromagnetic fields pushing data bits into place to encode data.

Unfortunately, the same drawbacks and perils of the mechanical sketch board have been just as pervasive in computing: making a change often requires starting...

Im Focus: Exploding stars help to understand thunderclouds on Earth

How is lightning initiated in thunderclouds? This is difficult to answer - how do you measure electric fields inside large, dangerously charged clouds? It was discovered, more or less by coincidence, that cosmic rays provide suitable probes to measure electric fields within thunderclouds. This surprising finding is published in Physical Review Letters on April 24th. The measurements were performed with the LOFAR radio telescope located in the Netherlands.

How is lightning initiated in thunderclouds? This is difficult to answer - how do you measure electric fields inside large, dangerously charged clouds? It was...

Im Focus: On the trail of a trace gas

Max Planck researcher Buhalqem Mamtimin determines how much nitrogen oxide is released into the atmosphere from agriculturally used oases.

In order to make statements about current and future air pollution, scientists use models which simulate the Earth’s atmosphere. A lot of information such as...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

HHL Energy Conference on May 11/12, 2015: Students Discuss about Decentralized Energy

23.04.2015 | Event News

“Developing our cities, preserving our planet”: Nobel Laureates gather for the first time in Asia

23.04.2015 | Event News

HHL's Entrepreneurship Conference on FinTech

13.04.2015 | Event News

 
Latest News

Electrons Move Like Light in Three-Dimensional Solid

24.04.2015 | Materials Sciences

Connecting Three Atomic Layers Puts Semiconducting Science on Its Edge

24.04.2015 | Materials Sciences

Understanding the Body’s Response to Worms and Allergies

24.04.2015 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>