Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Poverty in Africa: Migration can help

09.06.2006

Poor Africans often choose to move. Households that can afford to send someone to Europe, mostly become wealthier. Households with people who move within Africa, experience less stress because there are less mouths to feed. These are the conclusions of Dutch researcher Fleur Wouterse. She made a quantitative analysis of the reasons for and consequences of migration for farming households in four villages in the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso.

Migration plays an important role in poverty alleviation. Moving within Africa (continental migration) is a long-established practice in response to drought and low agricultural productivity. Wouterse's research revealed that households with continental migrants are poorer than those with migrants to destinations outside of Africa. Continental migration yields little money in the form of bank transfers and leads to less income from labour-intensive activities. The welfare position of the household does however improve, mainly due to migration reducing the size of the household.

In recent decades intercontinental migration, mainly to Western Europe, has become important. Households with intercontinental migrants have more capital and can therefore make use of opportunities to obtain income in Europe. The households receive a relatively large amount of money in the form of bank transfers, which are partly invested in capital intensive activities. This strongly improves the welfare position of the households. There are also advantages for the countries of destination. Low-skilled migrants form a source of cheap labour for the receiving country. Immigration can therefore help to relieve the increasing pressure on the welfare state resulting from the ageing population in much of Western Europe.

Win-win situation

The creation of a win-win situation for migration from Africa to Europe is strongly dependent on policy and agreements. If the policy of the migrant-sending countries focuses on improving public facilities and infrastructure this can, for example, increase the chances of the money transferred being invested productively. A system of labour exchange between Europe and Africa can work well, if the disadvantages of previous and existing guest worker programmes are avoided. However, this will only be the case if the positive consequences of migration for the migrant-sending and migrant-receiving economies are recognised at a European level.

Kim van den Wijngaard | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nwo.nl/nwohome.nsf/pages/NWOA_6Q9FV6_Eng

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Lying in a foreign language is easier
19.07.2018 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

nachricht Engineering cooperation
05.07.2018 | Institute of Science and Technology Austria

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Future electronic components to be printed like newspapers

A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.

The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

A smart safe rechargeable zinc ion battery based on sol-gel transition electrolytes

20.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Reversing cause and effect is no trouble for quantum computers

20.07.2018 | Information Technology

Princeton-UPenn research team finds physics treasure hidden in a wallpaper pattern

20.07.2018 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>