This review, presented at the annual Society for Endocrinology BES meeting in Harrogate, shows that lifestyle interventions provide benefits at all stages of obesity management and should be encouraged no matter what other forms of therapy are offered.
Dr Rob Andrews from the University of Bristol carried out a review of the research on weight loss methods published in international peer reviewed journals. He examined how successful different lifestyle interventions (such as exercise, diet and behavioural therapies) are in the treatment of obesity when carried out alone or in combination with other treatments such as bariatric surgery and weight loss drugs.
He found that when weight loss drugs are given on their own, with no other changes in lifestyle, they produce an average weight loss of 5 kg, the same amount of weight you lose if you go on a calorie-controlled diet and take regular exercise. However, if weight loss drugs are offered in combination with behavioural therapies, their effectiveness can be increased by over 100% (from 5 kg to 12 kg average weight loss). He found that the story was the same with bariatric surgery. Patients who exercise and lose weight prior to surgery are less likely to have postoperative complications and lose more weight at a quicker rate after surgery than those who didn’t.
Overall, this review indicates, that when treating obese patients, weight loss drugs and bariatric surgery are significantly more successful if they are offered in conjunction with improvements to diet and exercise.
Full results of the review are:
-Exercise alone produces an average weight loss of 1.8 kg. The more you exercise the more weight you lose.
-Diet alone produces an average weight loss of 5.0 kg. This effect peaks 6-12 months following the start of the diet and wanes after this point. No diet is better than any other in the long term but the greater the reduction in calories, the greater the initial weight loss.
-Behavioural therapies (e.g. cognitive therapy, psychotherapy, relaxation therapy, hypnotherapy) produce an average weight loss of 2.3 kg.
-Exercise plus diet result in an average weight loss of 10.7 kg and helps to maintain weight loss for a longer period.
-Exercise plus diet plus behavioural therapies result in the greatest average weight loss of 12-15 kg.
-Taking weight loss drugs with no changes in lifestyle result in an average weight loss of 5kg. Taking weight loss drugs, in combination with behavioural therapies, leads to an average weight loss of 12 kg.
-Patients that lose more than 10% of their body weight prior to bariatric surgery are 2.12 times more likely to achieve a 70% loss of excess body weight.
Researcher Dr Rob Andrews said:
“People often forget is that there is no quick fix to obesity. Overeating and decreased activity are the fundamental problems underlying the development of obesity. Any therapy aimed at helping obese patients must have a dietary and exercise component in order to be successful. This review shows that patients who are taking weight loss drugs or have bariatric surgery lose significantly more weight if they combine these treatments with regular exercise and a calorie-controlled diet. Maintaining a healthy, balanced lifestyle is the key to maximising and maintaining weight loss.”
Jennie Evans | alfa
Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
06.08.2020 | DOE/Argonne National Laboratory
Tellurium makes the difference
06.08.2020 | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
Scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT have come up with a striking new addition to contact stamping technologies in the ERDF research project ScanCut. In collaboration with industry partners from North Rhine-Westphalia, the Aachen-based team of researchers developed a hybrid manufacturing process for the laser cutting of thin-walled metal strips. This new process makes it possible to fabricate even the tiniest details of contact parts in an eco-friendly, high-precision and efficient manner.
Plug connectors are tiny and, at first glance, unremarkable – yet modern vehicles would be unable to function without them. Several thousand plug connectors...
An international research team has found a new approach that may be able to reduce bone loss in osteoporosis and maintain bone health.
Osteoporosis is the most common age-related bone disease which affects hundreds of millions of individuals worldwide. It is estimated that one in three women...
Traditional single-cell sequencing methods help to reveal insights about cellular differences and functions - but they do this with static snapshots only...
“Core-shell” clusters pave the way for new efficient nanomaterials that make catalysts, magnetic and laser sensors or measuring devices for detecting electromagnetic radiation more efficient.
Whether in innovative high-tech materials, more powerful computer chips, pharmaceuticals or in the field of renewable energies, nanoparticles – smallest...
An international research team with Prof. Cornelia Denz from the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Münster develop for the first time light fields using caustics that do not change during propagation. With the new method, the physicists cleverly exploit light structures that can be seen in rainbows or when light is transmitted through drinking glasses.
Modern applications as high resolution microsopy or micro- or nanoscale material processing require customized laser beams that do not change during...
23.07.2020 | Event News
21.07.2020 | Event News
07.07.2020 | Event News
06.08.2020 | Earth Sciences
06.08.2020 | Power and Electrical Engineering
06.08.2020 | Life Sciences