New risk factors for retinal disorder identified

Antibiotics, antihistamines, alcohol use, tobacco use, untreated hypertension and multisystem autoimmune diseases are potential risk factors for a retinal disorder known as central serous chorioretinopathy. This is the conclusion of a study appearing in the February issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the Eye M.D. Association. Central serous chorioretinopathy, or CSCR, is a disorder in which retinal cells detach and atrophy, causing visual impairment and loss.

In this case-control study, the records of 312 patients with CSCR and 312 patients with other ophthalmic conditions were examined at Boston University School of Medicine’s Department of Ophthalmology Hospitals and Clinics, the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, the Department of Ophthalmology at Indiana University School of Medicine, and the offices of Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston.

Similar to previous studies, this study found the strongest association of CSCR with systemic corticosteroid use and pregnancy. Sean Koh, MD, a vitreoretinal fellow in the Retina Service of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, and a co-author of the study, said, “In addition, this study shows a wide variety of new systemic factors are associated with CSCR. These are: alcohol, antibiotic, antihistamine and tobacco use, and untreated hypertension and allergic respiratory disease. Patients should be checked for these conditions, and advised to manage hypertension with anti-hypertensive medication, to cease use of alcohol and tobacco, and to avoid unnecessary or excessive use of antibiotics and antihistamines.”

“Further,” Dr. Koh said, “psychological stress, which could not be assessed in this study because of the study design, may contribute to some of the associations identified. Whether modulating the risk factors identified in this study will affect the course or severity of CSCR requires further prospective investigation.”

Academy spokesperson Jose Pulido, MD, professor of ophthalmology and head of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Illinois, Chicago, said, “The main message from this study is that there are multiple underlying conditions that can result in CSCR. Therefore, it is important for Eye M.D.s to discuss the possible risk factors with the patient, and take steps to eradicate those risk factors, treat the disease and prevent recurrences.”

Dr. Pulido added, “This study also mentions the association between CSCR and antihistamine use may be in fact an association with other medications, such as decongestants. Of course, any changes in medications must be weighed against potential adverse effects.”

The American Academy of Ophthalmology is the world’s largest association of eye physicians and surgeons–Eye M.D.s–with more than 27,000 members worldwide. For more information about eye health care, visit the Academy’s partner Web site, the Medem Network, at www.medem.com/eyemd. To find an Eye M.D. in your area, visit the Academy’s Web site at http://www.aao.org.

Media Contact

EurekAlert!

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.aao.org/

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Health and Medicine

This subject area encompasses research and studies in the field of human medicine.

Among the wide-ranging list of topics covered here are anesthesiology, anatomy, surgery, human genetics, hygiene and environmental medicine, internal medicine, neurology, pharmacology, physiology, urology and dental medicine.

Zurück zur Startseite

Kommentare (0)

Schreib Kommentar

Neueste Beiträge

Cyanobacteria: Small Candidates …

… as Great Hopes for Medicine and Biotechnology In the coming years, scientists at the Chair of Technical Biochemistry at TU Dresden will work on the genomic investigation of previously…

Do the twist: Making two-dimensional quantum materials using curved surfaces

Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have discovered a way to control the growth of twisting, microscopic spirals of materials just one atom thick. The continuously twisting stacks of two-dimensional…

Big-hearted corvids

Social life as a driving factor of birds’ generosity. Ravens, crows, magpies and their relatives are known for their exceptional intelligence, which allows them to solve complex problems, use tools…

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close