In the context of their extensive collaboration to improve the efficiency, performance and sustainability of packaging applications, Reifenhäuser Kiefel Extrusion of Troisdorf/Germany and DuPont have developed a material and cost saving medium barrier 9-layer film for thermoforming applications.
Key to a weight reduction of up to 20% and improved packaging performance over incumbent 7-layer PA/PE structures are Reifenhäuser’s versatile 11/9-channel EVOLUTION barrier blown film technology and a new high stiffness DuPont™ Surlyn® ionomer sealant resin, which allows for sealing at lower temperatures and provides a broad operating window.
Thanks to the use of a high stiffness Surlyn® ionomer sealing layer, a newly developed 9-layer-film for thermoformed packaging provides the same stability as a currently used PA-PE-7-layer film weighing 20% more. This generates significant cost savings for converters plus further advantages including higher gloss and transparency as well as higher perforation resistance, needed for hard edges of vacuum-packed food.
Further advantages include superior perforation and abrasion resistance as well as an improved fat barrier, making the new film a first choice for vacuum packs containing hard and sharp products, such as mature cheese or meat with bones or smoked ham.
Substantial cost savings support short break-even time
Thanks to the high stiffness of the Surlyn® sealant layer, film thickness can be downgauged by 20% with no loss in stiffness. Whilst common 7-layer film structures for thermoforming applications have typical thicknesses of around 240 µm, the thickness of the new 9-layer film is just 200 µm. In spite of this significant reduction, the new film feels just as robust as current structures. And because of its higher gloss and transparency, shelf appeal of the packed products is increased.
Beyond downgauging, the material costs for new PA/Surlyn® structure are around 10% lower compared to 7-layer PA/PE structures. A further financial benefit results from a reduction of up to 20% in ecotax due to the reduced packaging weight. And thanks to the outstanding seal performance of Surlyn® even through liquid or powder contamination, the number of rejects along the entire distribution chain is reduced significantly.
Summing up these savings, the additional investment for a 9-layer blown film line will pay back in the short term, because the cost for a system including 9 extruders and blending units as well as a bigger die head are just 10 to 15% higher than those for a 7-layer line. Taking into account just the resin related cost savings of 10%, the payback time for these additional costs will be less than six months. This can be further accelerated, if higher sales prices for the superior films can be achieved.
Improved optical, processing and application performance
At the DuPont and Reifenhäuser labs, major optical, processing and application characteristics of the new 9-layer structure, produced with Reifenhäuser’s EVOLUTION barrier blown film line, and with Surlyn® on the internal surface, were compared to a standard 7-layer structure with a PE sealing layer, both combined with a PA layer.
In these tests, the new 9-layer structure provided a gloss gain of 10% and a 13% higher transparency over the incumbent structure, and also exhibited improved thermoforming performance. Due to the special stress-strain behaviour of the Surlyn® sealant’s specific chemical structure with ionic crosslinking, the strength of the stretched areas of the film increases. Thanks to this so called 'strain hardening', film thickness in the bottom corners of the thermoformed packs is higher than for PE based sealants, which get weaker in stretched areas. Thus, despite the fact that the conventional 7-layer film was 20% thicker before thermoforming, both structures had identical film thicknesses in the corners after thermoforming.
A further advantage of using the new Surlyn® sealing layer with its cross-linked molecular structure becomes obvious under point loads, e.g. caused when edges of vacuum-packed hard cheese, dry meats or bacon constantly press against the film. Under such conditions soft polymers in the structure can be displaced, weakening the film and creating micro holes over time. This is especially true for polyethylene copolymers used for high performance sealing applications. In contrast, the much harder Surlyn® sealant polymers withstand such mechanisms, resulting in a 10% higher perforation resistance for the 9-layer PA/Surlyn® structure compared to the 20% thicker 7-layer PA/PE based film – even in the corners of the thermoformed pack, which are often prone to leakers.
Backed up by EVOLUTION
Cost-efficient production of the new multilayer thermo-formable 9-layer structure has been made possible thanks to the versatility and high precision of Reifenhäuser Kiefel’s EVOLUTION ULTRA RANGE extruders. Developed for easy processing of complex film structures with all kind of resins, they provide outstanding flexibility in terms of choice and amount of high performance polymers including high-barrier grades, adhesives and sealants, so allowing use of the most suitable materials at minimum costs. Depending on the required film structure, they permit both very high and very low output rates at low melt temperatures. The possibility of combining up to 11 channels enables the production of asymmetric films with minimum curling. Their advanced die head technology with precise individual melt distribution allows for extreme downgauging. The superior flatness of the film provides improved printability and constant performance over its entire area.
Reifenhauser Kiefel Extrusion GmbH is member of the Reifenhauser group which consists of six business units and over 1,200 employees and is the largest extrusion network in the industry. The company is a leading German manufacturer of high quality blown film extrusion systems and peripheral equipment for the production of flexible films and has over 40 years of a successful history worldwide in the production of simple mono layer up to sophisticated 9-layer barrier film lines for a wide variety of applications.
DuPont Packaging & Industrial Polymers manufactures an extensive mix of adhesive, barrier, peelable lidding and sealant resins and provides a globally networked development team to work with customers on packaging programs that help protect the product, environment; improve shelf appeal, convenience; and reduce cost in the food, cosmetics, medical products and other consumer goods and industrial packaging industries.
DuPont (NYSE: DD) has been bringing world-class science and engineering to the global marketplace in the form of innovative products, materials, and services since 1802. The company believes that by collaborating with customers, governments, NGOs, and thought leaders we can help find solutions to such global challenges as providing enough healthy food for people everywhere, decreasing dependence on fossil fuels, and protecting life and the environment.
For additional information about DuPont and its commitment to inclusive innovation, please visit www.dupont.com
EVOLUTION is filed as registered trademark of Reifenhäuser.
The DuPont Oval, DuPont™ and all products denoted with ® are registered trademarks or trademarks of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates.
Nilgun Turan | DuPont
COMPAMED 2016 connected medical devices and people
23.11.2016 | IVAM Fachverband für Mikrotechnik
Successfully transferring Industrie 4.0 into reality
21.11.2016 | Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy