Hyperphosphatemia is a complication of chronic kidney disease. Patients with renal insufficiency have an abnormal phosphate metabolism that leads to an elevated concentration of phosphate in the blood. In conjunction with calcium imbalance, hyperphosphatemia increases the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with renal failure. Hyperphosphatemia promotes arterial calcification which increases the risk of myocardial infarction and is therefore a big risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. Due to the problems of current phosphate binders like poor taste, halitosis, gastro-intestinal complaints and high cost, there is a great demand for novel phosphate binders.<br><br> <strong>Technology</strong><br> We offer a phosphate binder on the basis of maghemite or maghemite/ magnetite. The novel phosphate binder comprises an iron oxide core being coated with carbohydrates e.g. sugar molecules like mannose or fructan. The iron oxide core is less than 20 nm in diameter and shows an inverse spinel structure, which offers a high phosphate binding capacity. <br><br>
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On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.
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At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
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Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.
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