Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Income and education linked to outcome in cervical cancer


Despite a backdrop of declining rates, a new study concludes cervical cancer continues to be a more serious threat to women with low incomes and educational levels.

The study, published July 26, 2004 in the online edition of CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, finds incidence and death rates for cervical cancer increased with increasing poverty and decreasing education levels.

While previous studies have linked socioeconomic status (SES) to the prognosis and incidence of cervical cancer, these are generally from narrow time periods and more often than not, fairly recent. Very little data exist to evaluate patterns of cervical cancer and SES across decades, particularly at the national level. The results of this new study may help assess the efficacy of public health control programs, such as cervical cancer screenings, and identify at-risk populations for future intervention.

To investigate changes over time in the relationship between SES and cervical cancer, Dr. Gopal K. Singh and his colleagues from the National Cancer Institute’s Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, analyzed demographic and cancer data from the 1990 U.S. census, the national mortality database, and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database from 1975 to 2000.

The authors found that despite overall declining cervical cancer rates, significant incidence and outcome disparities persisted based on SES. For all American women cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates increased as the level of poverty increased and education levels decreased for the total population. Women in high poverty census tracts were 20 percent more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage disease than women in census tracts with low poverty levels. Survival, too, was 31 percent lower in patients with late-stage diseases from census tracts with high poverty levels compared to low poverty census tracts. When analyzed according to race/ethnicity, non-Hispanic white, black, American Indian, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic women each shared a similar pattern, though to varying degrees.

"This study has shown substantial socioeconomic disparities in cervical cancer, which have persisted over time against a backdrop of declining incidence and mortality rates," conclude the authors.

David Greenberg | EurekAlert!
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Advanced analysis of brain structure shape may track progression to Alzheimer's disease
26.10.2016 | Massachusetts General Hospital

nachricht Indian roadside refuse fires produce toxic rainbow
26.10.2016 | Duke University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

The gene of autumn colours

27.10.2016 | Life Sciences

Polymer scaffolds build a better pill to swallow

27.10.2016 | Life Sciences

Greater Range and Longer Lifetime

26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

More VideoLinks >>>