Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Skin test may detect subarachnoid hemorrhage risk

06.09.2002

A skin test can detect a tissue disorder that may increase the risk of intracranial aneurysm, which can lead to stroke, according to a pilot study published in the September Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association. Researchers found defects in the structural matrix of skin tissue in 33 percent of study patients with intracranial aneurysms.

Aneurysms are weakened sections of blood vessels that balloon out from the artery wall. When they rupture, they can cause a type of stroke known as subarachnoid hemorrhage – bleeding in the brain.

"Our findings suggest that people with multiple aneurysms have a predisposing connective tissue disorder, leading to a weakness of the artery wall," says Caspar Grond-Ginsbach Ph.D. "This disorder can be diagnosed by a skin test."

Grond-Ginsbach, a geneticist and Holger Schnippering, M.D., a neurosurgeon, both at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, are lead authors of the report.

About 3 percent to 6 percent of adults age 30 and older have unruptured aneurysms and about 20 percent of them have multiple artery weaknesses, they say. Genes play a role in the development of some intracranial aneurysms, but why these aneurysms develop remains unknown. The findings suggest a genetic cause for two connective tissue defects.

Several years ago, the researchers discovered connective tissue defects in patients with cervical artery dissections, another vascular defect that causes stroke. They initiated this study because dissections and aneurysms might be related, they say.

Biopsies from the arterial wall of patients are rarely available, Grond-Ginsbach explains. Skin is considered a window to heritable connective tissue disorders, so researchers took skin samples from patients’ upper arms. They used an electron microscope to examine the collagen and elastic fibers of the skin.

The team took skin biopsies from 21 patients with intracranial aneurysm (average age 44) without signs of connective tissue disorders. Seventeen of them had suffered a subarachnoid stroke.

They found that seven patients had connective tissue mutations. These tissue alterations were not found in 10 patients who did not have intracranial aneurysms or in a database of more than 3,000 patients who had skin biopsies to diagnose dermatological problems. Four patients were classified as normal, although their electron microscope examinations seemed somewhat abnormal. So these findings might be an underestimation.

The researchers caution however, that the test is a scientific test rather than a screening tool for patient management.

Carole Bullock | EurekAlert

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht 3D images of cancer cells in the body: Medical physicists from Halle present new method
16.05.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

nachricht Better equipped in the fight against lung cancer
16.05.2018 | Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: LZH showcases laser material processing of tomorrow at the LASYS 2018

At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.

At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...

Im Focus: Self-illuminating pixels for a new display generation

There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?

At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...

Im Focus: Explanation for puzzling quantum oscillations has been found

So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics

Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...

Im Focus: Dozens of binaries from Milky Way's globular clusters could be detectable by LISA

Next-generation gravitational wave detector in space will complement LIGO on Earth

The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...

Im Focus: Entangled atoms shine in unison

A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.

The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Save the date: Forum European Neuroscience – 07-11 July 2018 in Berlin, Germany

02.05.2018 | Event News

Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"

13.04.2018 | Event News

Unique scope of UV LED technologies and applications presented in Berlin: ICULTA-2018

12.04.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Space-like gravity weakens biochemical signals in muscle formation

23.05.2018 | Life Sciences

NIST puts the optical microscope under the microscope to achieve atomic accuracy

23.05.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Magnesium magnificent for plasmonic applications

23.05.2018 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>