Treatment of human cancer is often impeded when cancer cells develop resistance to drugs that are designed to induce a type of programmed cell death called apoptosis. A new study published in the February issue of Cancer Cell identifies compounds and mechanisms that can overcome a specific type of resistance to chemotherapeutic-induced apoptosis. The findings may have application for treatment of cancers that are linked to the human papilloma virus (HPV) oncoprotein E6, such as cervical cancer.
Certain viral oncoproteins, including HPV E6, are known to interfere with the function of a protein called p53, a key tumor suppressor involved in apoptosis. Loss of p53 is linked to uncontrolled cell proliferation, the hallmark of cancer, and is known to increase the resistance of tumor cells to some chemotherapeutic treatments. HPV is a major cause of cervical cancer, and earlier studies have suggested that interfering with E6 may lead to the death of E6-expressing cells. However, methods used to target E6 in these studies involved techniques that are not easily translatable to therapeutic use, and at this time, no specific therapies exist.
Dr. Brent R. Stockwell and colleagues from Columbia University designed a study to uncover small molecules that can overcome E6-induced drug resistance and which would be more easily adaptable to cancer treatment. The researchers used a screening method to look for compounds that potentiate chemotherapeutic effectiveness of the agent doxorubicin in E6-expressing colon cancer cells that are normally relatively resistant to the drug. "We identified several groups of compounds that potentiate doxorubicins lethality in E6-expressing tumor cells, thus overcoming E6-induced drug resistance," offers Dr. Stockwell.
Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth
09.12.2016 | Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Plant-based substance boosts eyelash growth
09.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Polymerforschung IAP
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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