Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Just the Two Of Us

23.11.2011
Stable Dinucleotide–RNA Duplexes Show Promise in Biotechnology

Nucleic acid technology has revolutionized the field of biomedicine, as it can be effectively utilized in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic diseases.

The efficacy of most oligonucleotide therapies is, however, limited as a result of the lability of oligonucleotides in biological fluids and, in particular, their poor delivery to the site of action. A Swedish team headed by R. Strömberg recently reported in the European Journal of Organic Chemistry that modification of oligonucleotides with a 2'-O-carbamoyl moiety greatly increases the stability of these compounds, which may render their use in constructs for biotechnological and therapeutic applications viable.

Efficiency in the regulation of gene expression is readily achieved if turnover of the target RNA is obtained, but this can only occur if native enzymes recognize the relevant oligonucleotide complex. The ability to catalytically cleave a specific sequence of RNA at a specific site is of high potential value in biotechnology and oligonucleotide therapy. Thus, the development of oligonucleotide-based artificial nucleases (OBANs) as artificial enzymes capable of cleaving mRNA sequences arising from genetic or viral diseases is highly sought.

In this context, the scientists set out to modify oligonucleotides with the judicious choice of a 2'-carbamoylmethyl (CM) moiety. Substitution at the 2-position was an important prerequisite, as this has been shown to lead to the formation of stable duplexes with the target RNA, and it was also believed that the CM moiety could further increase the stability of the duplex through hydrogen bonding.

The team was able to show that the 2'-O-carbamoyl modification substantially protected the dinucleotide against enzyme-catalyzed degradation by phosphodiesterase I and made it virtually resistant to degradation by phosphodiesterase II. This, together with the reported increased thermal stability of the duplexes, makes the often-neglected 2'-O-carbamoyl moiety an interesting modification in the pursuit of future compounds that may one day help in the treatment of genetic diseases.

Author: Roger Strömberg, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden), http://www.bionut.ki.se/groups/rst/
Title: Stability of a 2'-O-(Carbamoylmethyl)adenosine-Containing Dinucleotide
European Journal of Organic Chemistry, Permalink to the article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejoc.201101264

Roger Strömberg | Wiley-VCH
Further information:
http://www.wiley.com

Further reports about: CHEMISTRY Organic RNA genetic disease viral disease

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht More genes are active in high-performance maize
19.01.2018 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

nachricht How plants see light
19.01.2018 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Artificial agent designs quantum experiments

On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.

We carry smartphones in our pockets, the streets are dotted with semi-autonomous cars, but in the research laboratory experiments are still being designed by...

Im Focus: Scientists decipher key principle behind reaction of metalloenzymes

So-called pre-distorted states accelerate photochemical reactions too

What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how...

Im Focus: The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge

For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.

Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...

Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an holistic view of laser machining

At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.

No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...

Im Focus: Room-temperature multiferroic thin films and their properties

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.

Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

10th International Symposium: “Advanced Battery Power – Kraftwerk Batterie” Münster, 10-11 April 2018

08.01.2018 | Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Let the good tubes roll

19.01.2018 | Materials Sciences

How cancer metastasis happens: Researchers reveal a key mechanism

19.01.2018 | Health and Medicine

Meteoritic stardust unlocks timing of supernova dust formation

19.01.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>