The goal is a tough one for Finland, but possible to achieve as long as all sectors that produce or consume energy take part. On top of this, all greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced.
Finland requires new technological solutions for industrial activity, for the transport of people, goods and services, and for housing and working methods. If clean forms of energy and the efficiency of energy use are substantially developed and widely adopted, Finland could become a seller of emission allowances and clean energy.
Finland benefits from the availability of substantial reserves of renewable energy and a diversified energy structure.
In 2050, 85% of Finnish electricity could be produced free of carbon dioxide. This requires diverse energy production and the widespread adoption of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, in connection with both fossil fuel and biomass use.
If the industry significantly improves its energy efficiency and adopts CCS, 80% of the energy consumed by industry will be carbon-neutral. Resource efficiency must be improved and the use of recycled materials increased.
A 70% level of carbon-neutral energy in transport is possible to achieve by 2050. In low-carbon transport, there is great demand for biofuels; these could constitute up to 40% of the total energy consumed by transport sector.
Of the final energy used by buildings, 85% would be carbon-neutral in 2050. Some buildings could even produce energy locally. The potential for improving the energy efficiency of buildings is great even with current technologies, but sufficiently rapid implementation poses a challenge.
Low Carbon Finland 2050 is a self-financed strategic research project of VTT that supports VTT's own long-term operational planning. The project combines technological expertise from various areas of competence within VTT, from low-carbon and smart energy systems to foresight and energy system modelling.
VTT's Low Carbon 2050 research project's final report online: http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/visions/2012/V2.pdf
Kai Sipilä | EurekAlert!
Greenhouse gases unbalanced
25.03.2015 | Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam - Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
Nova Southeastern University researcher part of team researching DNA of tigers
23.03.2015 | Nova Southeastern University
In an experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists precisely measured the temperature and structure of aluminum as...
The IPH presents a solution at HANNOVER MESSE 2015 to make ship traffic more reliable while decreasing the maintenance costs at the same time. In cooperation with project partners, the research institute from Hannover, Germany, has developed a sensor system which continuously monitors the condition of the marine gearbox, thus preventing breakdowns. Special feature: the monitoring system works wirelessly and energy-autonomously. The required electrical power is generated where it is needed – directly at the sensor.
As well as cars need to be certified regularly (in Germany by the TÜV – Technical Inspection Association), ships need to be inspected – if the powertrain stops...
When an earthquake hits, the faster first responders can get to an impacted area, the more likely infrastructure--and lives--can be saved.
The Atlantic overturning is one of Earth’s most important heat transport systems, pumping warm water northwards and cold water southwards. Also known as the Gulf Stream system, it is responsible for the mild climate in northwestern Europe.
Scientists now found evidence for a slowdown of the overturning – multiple lines of observation suggest that in recent decades, the current system has been...
Because they are regularly subjected to heavy vehicle traffic, emissions, moisture and salt, above- and underground parking garages, as well as bridges, frequently experience large areas of corrosion. Most inspection systems to date have only been capable of inspecting smaller surface areas.
From April 13 to April 17 at the Hannover Messe (hall 2, exhibit booth C16), engineers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing IZFP will be...
25.03.2015 | Event News
19.03.2015 | Event News
17.03.2015 | Event News
26.03.2015 | Trade Fair News
26.03.2015 | Trade Fair News
26.03.2015 | Life Sciences