With its Structural Funds, the EU has contributed €5.7 million for the facility to work on improving the design of gas turbines and testing cleaner fuels for the aviation and power generation sectors. The region qualifies under Objective 1 of the Structural funds, as one of the most deprived regions in the European Union.
Two major combustion testing rigs have been donated by a technology company, and financial support has been provided by the Welsh Assembly, as well as the EU. The centre will be one of a few of this kind in the world.
Professor Phil Bowen, Chair in Energy Systems at the School of Engineering, said: 'The Gas Turbine Research Centre will allow us to contribute towards global and local target emission reduction, whilst bringing benefits to the local economy.'
'We anticipate that over time the Gas Turbine Research Centre will act as a hub to a cluster of high-tech companies, attracted by its world-class facilities,' he added.
For now, the new Centre will be home to a Sector Combustor rig for internal gas sampling of sector or annular combustors, and a High Pressure Combustor Rig for multi-channel gas analysis in the exhaust of a combustor at high pressure.
Its areas of research will include emissions and air quality, particulates and cloud formation, and alternative fuels.
When the Centre opens later this year, an EU funded project will be the first to take advantage of the new facilities. It will test alternative liquid and gas fuels produced from biomass and waste gases, including methane, hydrogen mixtures, coal gasification products, and biofuels.
Welsh Assembly Government First Minister Rhodri Morgan said: 'What is being created is truly a world class energy research resource.
'It is already playing a key role in the testing and development of alternative energy sources and will become an increasingly important asset in the drive to reduce carbon emissions so as to combat global warming,' he added.
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A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
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In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
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The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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