With its Structural Funds, the EU has contributed €5.7 million for the facility to work on improving the design of gas turbines and testing cleaner fuels for the aviation and power generation sectors. The region qualifies under Objective 1 of the Structural funds, as one of the most deprived regions in the European Union.
Two major combustion testing rigs have been donated by a technology company, and financial support has been provided by the Welsh Assembly, as well as the EU. The centre will be one of a few of this kind in the world.
Professor Phil Bowen, Chair in Energy Systems at the School of Engineering, said: 'The Gas Turbine Research Centre will allow us to contribute towards global and local target emission reduction, whilst bringing benefits to the local economy.'
'We anticipate that over time the Gas Turbine Research Centre will act as a hub to a cluster of high-tech companies, attracted by its world-class facilities,' he added.
For now, the new Centre will be home to a Sector Combustor rig for internal gas sampling of sector or annular combustors, and a High Pressure Combustor Rig for multi-channel gas analysis in the exhaust of a combustor at high pressure.
Its areas of research will include emissions and air quality, particulates and cloud formation, and alternative fuels.
When the Centre opens later this year, an EU funded project will be the first to take advantage of the new facilities. It will test alternative liquid and gas fuels produced from biomass and waste gases, including methane, hydrogen mixtures, coal gasification products, and biofuels.
Welsh Assembly Government First Minister Rhodri Morgan said: 'What is being created is truly a world class energy research resource.
'It is already playing a key role in the testing and development of alternative energy sources and will become an increasingly important asset in the drive to reduce carbon emissions so as to combat global warming,' he added.
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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