All household and office equipment sold in Europe will be included in this measure. This provision of the European Union is the first legal act concerning products within the Eco-design Directive.
It is a substantial contribution to energy efficiency, climate protection and consumption cost reduction. Manufacturers declare that their products meet all valid European regulations by use of the CE symbol.
The BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing has contributed to developing the new ordinance since mid-2007. If the European Union parliament agrees, a compulsory maximum value of one watt will apply to off-mode or stand-by power consumption of devices from about 2010. Three years later the limiting value will be halved. Thus these energy losses should be reduced in the European Union by nearly 75 %, i.e. 35 terawatt hours per year by 2020. This saving corresponds to the 1.3-fold of German power generation from wind in 2005 or the annual electricity production of three modern nuclear power plants.
The EU Commission plans further ordinances to reduce the environmental impact by PCs, monitors, printers, scanners and copiers, television sets, freezers and deep freezers, dishwashers, washing machines and tumble dryers as well as water heaters and boilers. These devices offer great potential for energy saving, without limiting their function if this objective is considered at the design phase.
The Eco-design Directive is implemented by the Energy-using Products Act (Energie¬betriebene-Produkte-Gesetz, EBPG) into German law. The EBPG entered into force on 7 March 2008. In it, BAM is designated as the commissioned body and represents Germany, together with the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) as well as the Ministries of Economics and Environment, in the development of eco-design regulations vis-à-vis the European Union.Preview:
The congress is accompanied by a fair area. The Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and BAM will operate a common exhibition stand. "Electronics Goes Green 2008" will take place in Berlin from 7 to 10 September 2008.Information:
Linear potentiometer LRW2/3 - Maximum precision with many measuring points
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First flat lens for immersion microscope provides alternative to centuries-old technique
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Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....
Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.
The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
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