All household and office equipment sold in Europe will be included in this measure. This provision of the European Union is the first legal act concerning products within the Eco-design Directive.
It is a substantial contribution to energy efficiency, climate protection and consumption cost reduction. Manufacturers declare that their products meet all valid European regulations by use of the CE symbol.
The BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing has contributed to developing the new ordinance since mid-2007. If the European Union parliament agrees, a compulsory maximum value of one watt will apply to off-mode or stand-by power consumption of devices from about 2010. Three years later the limiting value will be halved. Thus these energy losses should be reduced in the European Union by nearly 75 %, i.e. 35 terawatt hours per year by 2020. This saving corresponds to the 1.3-fold of German power generation from wind in 2005 or the annual electricity production of three modern nuclear power plants.
The EU Commission plans further ordinances to reduce the environmental impact by PCs, monitors, printers, scanners and copiers, television sets, freezers and deep freezers, dishwashers, washing machines and tumble dryers as well as water heaters and boilers. These devices offer great potential for energy saving, without limiting their function if this objective is considered at the design phase.
The Eco-design Directive is implemented by the Energy-using Products Act (Energie¬betriebene-Produkte-Gesetz, EBPG) into German law. The EBPG entered into force on 7 March 2008. In it, BAM is designated as the commissioned body and represents Germany, together with the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) as well as the Ministries of Economics and Environment, in the development of eco-design regulations vis-à-vis the European Union.Preview:
The congress is accompanied by a fair area. The Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology and BAM will operate a common exhibition stand. "Electronics Goes Green 2008" will take place in Berlin from 7 to 10 September 2008.Information:
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
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Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
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Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
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