A new exploration method for mobile robots is especially suitable for home and office environments. The robot also provides a flexible cleaning system, allowing adaptation to any kind of floor surface with any kind of obstacle and avoiding unnecessary repeat cleaning of the same area.<br><br> Self-localisation means that the method does not require a precise global map, nor does it rely on external markers located in the rooms or areas to be cleaned. Instead, the robot creates its own rough map by scanning the environment, so that the map comprises every obstacle which the robot can then avoid. Iterative scanning allows adaptation to arbitrary obstacles.<br><br> At each cleaning the surrounding area is scanned and simultaneously cleaned using an extendible arm with changeable cleaning elements. This new approach allows the robot to clean any floor space fast and thoroughly, while using little power. <br><br> By using standard microcontrollers the cost of robotic vacuum cleaners is affordable for personal use, as demonstrated by a fully-functional prototype. <br>
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Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
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