Chemnitz University of Technology Tests a Driverless Transport System at KOMSA Logistics

Christoph Allmacher, research fellow at the Professorship of Machine Tool Design and Forming Technology, is testing the “Hubert” driverless transport system. Photo: René Apitzsch

Central Germany is considered by many to be a region filled with inventors and tinkerers. On the way towards Industry 4.0, a new solution for the future has appeared: Chemnitz University of Technology has developed a driverless transport system, in cooperation with three German firms as part of a research project. The trial runs are now taking place in the new logistics centre of the KOMSA Group in Hartmannsdorf, and they are now entering a crucial phase.

“Hubert” – that is the name of the small, four-wheeled vehicle, which looks like a car and is designed to relieve workers in the area of logistics and reduce unnecessary movement.

The prototype of the driverless transport system was developed as part of a three-year research project in cooperation with SICK AG from Waldkirch, iFD GmbH from Chemnitz, and LIVINGSOLIDS GmbH from Magdeburg. During the test phase, KOMSA will make its new logistics centre available as a testing environment.

In several one-day test runs, “Hubert” has been recently “exploring” KOMSA Logistics. Not only did the robot have to get used to the environment, it also had to continue paying attention to dynamic obstacles and react accordingly. Today begins a four-day final testing phase.

Application in real conditions

What distinguishes “Hubert” from previous developments: A 3-D sensor recognises people and enables collaboration beyond the usual autonomous operating mode. This makes its use in environments where people are located not only possible, but actually desirable.

“The car was deliberately designed to work with people,” explains Christoph Allmacher from the Professorship of Machine Tool Design and Forming Technology at Chemnitz University of Technology, who is in charge of the final phase of the research project.

The goal of the final phase is to test the applicability of the developed driverless transport system in an industrial environment. On the basis of the test results, a manufacturer in the area of logistics systems could start series production once the research project is over, and “Hubert” could be deployed worldwide to optimise logistics processes. “We looked for an experienced and competent testing partner and with KOMSA, we have found it,” says Allmacher.

KOMSA was recently awarded the German Logistics Prize from the German Logistics Association, and the European Logistics Award from the European Logistics Association. “KOMSA Logistics is designed with a good mix of manual and automated processes, making things both highly dynamic and highly complex, due to the different carton sizes and order volumes. It is always best to test under real conditions like these.”

Relief for logistics employees

Different scenarios are tested at KOMSA Logistics. For one, the transport system should be able to autonomously bring empty boxes to one of the logistics staff, thereby giving them time for other tasks. During the packing process, “Hubert” should be able to follow around the employee who fills the boxes with articles. Once all of the boxes have been packed, the loaded cart drives independently to the packing line.

“Traditionally, employees in a warehouse travel many kilometers per day,” explains KOMSA Production Board of Directors member Sven Mohaupt. During the course of the expansion and reconfiguration of logistics, KOMSA has already done a lot in recent years to relieve employees and reduce their trodden paths.

“The autonomous car we are testing could now become a further relief, and at the same time help us set up an even faster and more flexible logistics service. As we supply both small retailers and large markets, both companies and private customers, it requires us to process very different order volumes. And every one of our customers needs the goods they order from us in as short a time as possible. We have to be prepared for that, and such inventions can be of great help.

On 30 June 2019, the research project will end, after a period of three years. It was funded with around 1.5 million euros from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

For more information:

Contact: Christoph Allmacher, Phone +49 0371 531 32036, E-mail

Participating companies in the research project:

SICK AG is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of sensors and sensor solutions for industrial applications in the fields of safety technology, automation, logistics and environmental measurement technology. Based on its core competence in the field of intelligent “Machine Vision” solutions, SICK AG has developed an intelligent 3-D sensor system within the framework of this research project, which enables the driverless transport system to follow a specific person. In addition to robust and intelligent sensors, such as the SICK 3-D Visionary-T sensor, smart algorithms for data fusion as well as object detection and classification are utilised.

iFD GmbH plans, develops and implements worldwide software systems for automated and manual areas of the field of intralogistics. The range of services offered by iFD include the following product areas: warehouse management, material flow control, forklift control systems, picking solutions, simulation systems and individual software development, as well as service and support. The company has its own research and development department. This is an important prerequisite for the permanent guarantee of innovations and further developments in software systems and add-on components. Since the company was founded in 1990, more than 300 projects have been realised across all industries. Continuous development and committed research as well as the targeted improvement of concepts and products are indicators of success for adapted software systems, which represent the ideal logistics solution for a large number of national and international customers. As part of the research project, iFD GmbH has developed the “Master Control Program”, which coordinates the driverless transport system and distributes orders.

LIVINGSOLIDS GmbH is an innovative software company in the field of interactive 3-D visualisation and simulation. LIVINGSOLIDS software solutions allows for intuitive interaction with 3-D models of equipment, machinery and consumer products in real time. The solutions are characterised by a high level of process integration, and are successfully used worldwide in the areas of virtual prototyping, assembly simulation, virtual construction and ergonomics analyses, worker guidance and more. In the research project, LIVINGSOLIDS is responsible for the development of the interactive visualisation and control component called VICOS. Its employees contribute their extensive experiences in mathematical modelling, numerical simulation and interactive 3-D visualisation of complex technical equipment and processes.

Christoph Allmacher, Phone +49 0371 531 32036, E-mail

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Matthias Fejes idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

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