Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

USP Lasers Conquer Macroprocessing

25.04.2019

Ultrashort pulse (USP) lasers have become firmly established in science and micromachining. At this year's “UKP-Workshop: Ultrafast Laser Technology” in Aachen, a new trend has emerged: Macroprocessing. Since multi-100-watt USP lasers up into the kW range have become available, the industry is looking at them with great interest for large-area applications. For this purpose, the institute is developing the complete process chain right through to fully digitized processes.

The UKP-Workshop has grown once again: More than 170 participants from 14 countries came to Aachen this year to discuss the latest trends in the development of USP laser technology for industrial applications.


Dr. Arnold Gillner: The challenge is to get the photons to the workpiece.

© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany

Already at the beginning of the event, Dr. Arnold Gillner told the participants ”The USP laser has found its way into the industry”. Gillner is head of the Ablation and Joining competence area at the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT and initiator of the UKP-Workshop.

The next goal is to provide lasers with power as is the case with CO2 and fiber lasers, which are currently used for material processing of macroscopic components. ”The challenge is how to get the photons to the workpiece,” Gillner described the core topic of the workshop.

Many innovative technologies for this were presented in the UKP-Workshop: The latest examples range from new laser beam sources through fast scanner systems and new beam shaping concepts all the way to fully automated and digitized processes.

Technology development in networks

There was a consensus on beam sources: Lasers up to 100 W have now made it to the market, systems with several 100 W are available and are already being integrated into the first machines. Soon to be added are USP lasers in the multi-kW range, such as those developed by the Fraunhofer Institutes for Applied Optics and Precision Mechanics IOF in Jena and Laser Technology ILT in Aachen in the Fraunhofer Cluster of Excellence “Advanced Photon Sources”.

Both institutes have set new world records in recent months: The Jena group demonstrated 3.5 kW average output power from a fiber laser system and the Aachen 500 W at only 30 fs pulse duration from a Yb:Innoslab laser.

Altogether, 12 institutes are working in the Fraunhofer Cluster ”Advanced Photon Sources”. Together, they want to make newly developed beam sources available along with corresponding system technology for a wide variety of applications in two application labs in Jena and Aachen.

Laser developer Eric Mottay, Amplitude Systèmes, also emphasized that the system technology for the new lasers can only be developed when the different technology carriers cooperate closely. This became apparent in the following lectures on fast scanners, multi-beam systems and special optics:

Together, laser manufacturers, scanner experts and users are working on a multi-beam concept in which an energy-rich laser pulse is split into multiple individual laser beams and guided parallel over the surface in order to efficiently process larger areas.

In detail, Stephan Brüning, of Schepers GmbH, tested the multi-beam concept for the structuring of printing rollers. Previously, four lasers were used in parallel; now the 500 W average power of a USP laser is distributed over 16 partial beams by means of a diffractive optical element. By means of acousto-optic modulators, the partial beams can be controlled independently and achieve significantly higher productivity.

The design of optics with up to 196 similar partial beams was explained by Oskar Hofmann from RWTH Aachen University. The challenge of developing these optical concepts lies in the compensation and correction of the different aberrations.

Benedikt Nohn, of Volkswagen AG, demonstrated how efficiency gains can also be achieved with individual beams. His example was the structuring of tools for embossing interior design elements. Optimized scanner technology more than doubled throughput.

Efficient simulation for digital process chains

”The laser makes a continuous process chain for digital photonic production possible” – this is the vision of the outgoing director of Fraunhofer ILT, Prof. Reinhart Poprawe. Not only is a close integration of the various processes required here, but also a deep understanding of the process and a fast and efficient simulation of the laser-material interactions.

Markus Niessen from Fraunhofer ILT discussed the usual approaches and how to cut the computational time dramatically with a reduced model. Microscopic interaction processes and material effects are considered separately from macroscopic effects. In the long term, Niessen has a clear strategy: “Our goal is right-first-time production.”

Standard parts are already being manufactured

The progress of the USP laser technology can now be read off the quality of the applications. This is also the case for Claus Dold, EWAG AG, an expert in the manufacture of tools made of ultra-hard materials. In the workshop, he explained how well the USP laser can process polycrystalline diamonds or carbide materials.

Especially for the production of carbide drills, he presented a complete manufacturing system, where the operator only has to enter the geometrical data and insert blanks. The laser machine itself selects the necessary settings and produces the drills with micrometer precision. The machines can be fully automated and operated in a global network. In a digital marketplace, production capacities can be controlled globally and adapted to demand.

More power and more applications

The USP laser technology is increasingly becoming accepted by the industry. After glass cutting and applications in measuring and medical technology, the large-surface processing of surfaces is gaining ground.

Now that laser sources in the multi-kW range are becoming available, the main advantage of the USP technology – an extremely high precision in processing – will lead to its more widespread use. Efficient process technology and a very good understanding of the process are prerequisites for industrial application. New applications from generation of EUV radiation to quantum technology are on the rise. A new challenge must be the protection against X-rays.

The “UKP-Workshop: Ultrafast Laser Technology” reached its capacity limits in 2019 in its exclusive venue: The lounge of the Aachen soccer stadium. On April 21 and 22, 2021, the 6th UKP-Workshop will take place, then probably at a new location with larger premises.

www.ultrakurzpulslaser.de/en.html

Fraunhofer ILT at LASER World of PHOTONICS

More USP technology will be available from June 24 to 26. 2019 at the joint Fraunhofer booth A2.431 at the LASER World of PHOTONICS in Munich.

Wissenschaftliche Ansprechpartner:

Dr. Arnold Gillner
Head of the Competence Area Ablation and Joining
Telephone +49 241 8906-148
arnold.gillner@ilt.fraunhofer.de

Dipl.-Phys. Martin Reininghaus
Group Manager Micro and Nano Structuring
Telephone +49 241 8906-627
martin.reininghaus@ilt.fraunhofer.de

Weitere Informationen:

https://www.ilt.fraunhofer.de/en.html

Petra Nolis M.A. | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT

More articles from Process Engineering:

nachricht Copper oxide photocathodes: laser experiment reveals location of efficiency loss
10.05.2019 | Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie

nachricht NIST research sparks new insights on laser welding
02.05.2019 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

All articles from Process Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Artificial neural network resolves puzzles from condensed matter physics: Which is the perfect quantum theory?

For some phenomena in quantum many-body physics several competing theories exist. But which of them describes a quantum phenomenon best? A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Harvard University in the United States has now successfully deployed artificial neural networks for image analysis of quantum systems.

Is that a dog or a cat? Such a classification is a prime example of machine learning: artificial neural networks can be trained to analyze images by looking...

Im Focus: Extremely hard yet metallically conductive: Bayreuth researchers develop novel material with high-tech prospects

An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bayreuth has produced a previously unknown material: Rhenium nitride pernitride. Thanks to combining properties that were previously considered incompatible, it looks set to become highly attractive for technological applications. Indeed, it is a super-hard metallic conductor that can withstand extremely high pressures like a diamond. A process now developed in Bayreuth opens up the possibility of producing rhenium nitride pernitride and other technologically interesting materials in sufficiently large quantity for their properties characterisation. The new findings are presented in "Nature Communications".

The possibility of finding a compound that was metallically conductive, super-hard, and ultra-incompressible was long considered unlikely in science. It was...

Im Focus: Modelling leads to the optimum size for platinum fuel cell catalysts: Activity of fuel cell catalysts doubled

An interdisciplinary research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has built platinum nanoparticles for catalysis in fuel cells: The new size-optimized catalysts are twice as good as the best process commercially available today.

Fuel cells may well replace batteries as the power source for electric cars. They consume hydrogen, a gas which could be produced for example using surplus...

Im Focus: The secret of mushroom colors

Mushrooms: Darker fruiting bodies in cold climates

The fly agaric with its red hat is perhaps the most evocative of the diverse and variously colored mushroom species. Hitherto, the purpose of these colors was...

Im Focus: First results of the new Alphatrap experiment

Physicists at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg report the first result of the new Alphatrap experiment. They measured the bound-electron g-factor of highly charged (boron-like) argon ions with unprecedented precision of 9 digits. In comparison with a new highly accurate quantum electrodynamic calculation they found an excellent agreement on a level of 7 digits. This paves the way for sensitive tests of QED in strong fields like precision measurements of the fine structure constant α as well as the detection of possible signatures of new physics. [Physical Review Letters, 27 June 2019]

Quantum electrodynamics (QED) describes the interaction of charged particles with electromagnetic fields and is the most precisely tested physical theory. It...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on UV LED Technologies & Applications – ICULTA 2020 | Call for Abstracts

24.06.2019 | Event News

SEMANTiCS 2019 brings together industry leaders and data scientists in Karlsruhe

29.04.2019 | Event News

Revered mathematicians and computer scientists converge with 200 young researchers in Heidelberg!

17.04.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

A human liver cell atlas

15.07.2019 | Life Sciences

No more trial-and-error when choosing an electrolyte for metal-air batteries

15.07.2019 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Possibilities of the biosimilar principle of learning are shown for a memristor-based neural network

15.07.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>