In many chemical elements and their compounds electrons exercise a huge influence over one another. In such cases, physicists talk of electronically correlated solids. Even minor influences, such as temperature, pressure, or magnetic fields, can dramatically alter the properties of these materials. For example, very low temperatures can cause some solids to conduct electricity with no resistance.
Unusual properties of this nature are of interest to basic research and to new technological applications. Correlated materials could well have a big role to play in, say, the development of new sensors, switches, and components.
Correlated solids can be modeled by computer
The properties of correlated solids can be analyzed using computer calculations. A methodological breakthrough has been achieved by researchers in this field with “Dynamic Molecular Field Theory” (DMFT). Over the past ten years, its combination, in particular, with other methods for calculating the electronic properties of solids has produced a completely new process for modeling correlated materials realistically.
“This new approach, however, needs to be developed further so we can also understand and perhaps even predict the properties of complex electronic systems,” say Würzburg professors Fakher Assaad and Ralph Claessen. This goal is being pursued by the new research group of which the two Würzburg physicists are members.
DFG research group with an international network
This is the world’s first coordinated research project in this very topical field of theoretical solid state physics. 25 scientists at 16 research institutes in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland are involved. They are joined by partners, together with whom the group covers almost the entire international community of researchers working in this field.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) will be providing the group with EUR 2.4 million in funding over the next three years. Its spokesperson is Professor Dieter Vollhardt from the Institute of Physics at the University of Augsburg.
Contacts at the University of Würzburg
Prof. Dr. Fakher Assaad, T +49 (0)931 31-83652, email@example.com
Prof. Dr. Ralph Claessen, T +49 (0)931 31-85732, firstname.lastname@example.org
Robert Emmerich | idw
Smallest transistor worldwide switches current with a single atom in solid electrolyte
17.08.2018 | Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Protecting the power grid: Advanced plasma switch for more efficient transmission
17.08.2018 | DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference
Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...
17.08.2018 | Event News
08.08.2018 | Event News
27.07.2018 | Event News
17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
17.08.2018 | Information Technology
17.08.2018 | Life Sciences