Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New approach offers hope to patients with rectal cancer

23.06.2003


The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)



The outlook for patients with advanced rectal cancer is looking more promising with a new treatment approach developed by Professor Andres Cervantes’ team in Spain. The results of a trial of chemo-radiation followed by surgery were presented at the European Society of Medical Oncology’s conference in Edinburgh today (20 June), demonstrating how to prevent a recurrence of the cancer.

Rectal cancer is a very difficult condition to treat because of the high risk of relapse. New growths are likely to occur in the same area so the key to successful treatment lies in controlling the cancer locally.


At the University Hospital Clinic in Valencia, Professor Cervantes and his multi-disciplinary team of oncologists, radiologists, surgeons and pathologists treated 50 patients with chemo-radiation, followed by surgery and further chemotherapy.

Thirty-six men and 14 women, whose average age was 61 years old, were carefully selected for the trial. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography were used to predict their risk of relapse and if it seemed high, they received chemo-radiation therapy for five weeks before having an operation to remove the tumour. Six weeks after surgery, they had further chemotherapy for 16 weeks.

"The results were excellent," said Professor Cervantes. After two years, none of the patients had suffered a local relapse." However, he cautioned, the cancer spread elsewhere in the body in 12 people although this would be expected with rectal cancer. One of the main advantages of the new treatment strategy was that these patients did not necessarily require a colostomy.

"Our results suggest that chemo-radiation given before surgery can control the disease," said Dr Cervantes. Until recently, radiotherapy was considered to be the standard form of treatment after an operation, but his research has shown that given with chemotherapy before surgery, in selected patients, helps to control the development of cancer in the same area.

"Now that we know that it is possible to control cancer locally, we need to carry on with our research to find ways to control the spread of cancer to other parts of the body," he said.


For further information contact:

Edinburgh Press Office: Room Ochil
Tel ++44 (0)131 519 4131
Fax ++44 (0)131 519 4140

Opening times: Thursday, 19 June from 13.00-17.00
Friday, 20 June from 08.00-18.00
Saturday, 21 June from 08.00-19.00
Sunday, 22 June from 08.00-16.00

At other times, please contact:
Gracemarie Bricalli, ESMO Media Coordinator:
Tel. ++41 (0)91 973 19 11, Fax ++41 (0)91 973 19 12
Mobile ++41 (0)79 778 5177, gracemarie@esmo.org

Gracemarie Bricalli | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.esmo.org/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Illinois team develops first of a kind in-vitro 3D neural tissue model
11.12.2019 | University of Illinois College of Engineering

nachricht Safer viruses for vaccine research and diagnosis
11.12.2019 | University of Queensland

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Highly charged ion paves the way towards new physics

In a joint experimental and theoretical work performed at the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, an international team of physicists detected for the first time an orbital crossing in the highly charged ion Pr⁹⁺. Optical spectra were recorded employing an electron beam ion trap and analysed with the aid of atomic structure calculations. A proposed nHz-wide transition has been identified and its energy was determined with high precision. Theory predicts a very high sensitivity to new physics and extremely low susceptibility to external perturbations for this “clock line” making it a unique candidate for proposed precision studies.

Laser spectroscopy of neutral atoms and singly charged ions has reached astonishing precision by merit of a chain of technological advances during the past...

Im Focus: Ultrafast stimulated emission microscopy of single nanocrystals in Science

The ability to investigate the dynamics of single particle at the nano-scale and femtosecond level remained an unfathomed dream for years. It was not until the dawn of the 21st century that nanotechnology and femtoscience gradually merged together and the first ultrafast microscopy of individual quantum dots (QDs) and molecules was accomplished.

Ultrafast microscopy studies entirely rely on detecting nanoparticles or single molecules with luminescence techniques, which require efficient emitters to...

Im Focus: How to induce magnetism in graphene

Graphene, a two-dimensional structure made of carbon, is a material with excellent mechanical, electronic and optical properties. However, it did not seem suitable for magnetic applications. Together with international partners, Empa researchers have now succeeded in synthesizing a unique nanographene predicted in the 1970s, which conclusively demonstrates that carbon in very specific forms has magnetic properties that could permit future spintronic applications. The results have just been published in the renowned journal Nature Nanotechnology.

Depending on the shape and orientation of their edges, graphene nanostructures (also known as nanographenes) can have very different properties – for example,...

Im Focus: Electronic map reveals 'rules of the road' in superconductor

Band structure map exposes iron selenide's enigmatic electronic signature

Using a clever technique that causes unruly crystals of iron selenide to snap into alignment, Rice University physicists have drawn a detailed map that reveals...

Im Focus: Developing a digital twin

University of Texas and MIT researchers create virtual UAVs that can predict vehicle health, enable autonomous decision-making

In the not too distant future, we can expect to see our skies filled with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) delivering packages, maybe even people, from location...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

The Future of Work

03.12.2019 | Event News

First International Conference on Agrophotovoltaics in August 2020

15.11.2019 | Event News

Laser Symposium on Electromobility in Aachen: trends for the mobility revolution

15.11.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

Self-driving microrobots

11.12.2019 | Materials Sciences

Innovation boost for “learning factory”: European research project “SemI40” generates path-breaking findings

11.12.2019 | Information Technology

Molecular milk mayonnaise: How mouthfeel and microscopic properties are related in mayonnaise

11.12.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>