Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Cardiac MRI shown to improve diagnosis in patients with life-threatening arrhythmias

15.02.2012
New research from Western University, Canada, has demonstrated the benefits of performing Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) in cases where patients have been resuscitated after Sudden Cardiac Death or enter hospital suffering from ventricular arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeat rhythm).

Cardiologist Dr. James White and his colleagues at Western's Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, found CMR is a highly effective diagnostic imaging tool, identifying a cardiac diagnosis in 75 per cent of cases compared with only 50 per cent in all other testing. Overall, CMR identified a new or alternate explanation for the arrhythmia in 50 per cent of patients. The findings are published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, a Journal of the American Heart Association.

The study tested the impact of performing CMR in 82 consecutive patients that presented to hospital with either resuscitated Sudden Cardiac Death or Ventricular Tachycardia. "In these cases, there is a fear of recurrence, so we want to identify what might be at the root of the heart rhythm," explains Dr. White, the Director of the Cardiovascular MRI Clinical Research Program at Schulich's Robarts Research Institute.

Standard cardiac imaging tests were conducted in all patients. But the researchers also used a 3-Tesla MRI at the Robarts Research Institute to evaluate whether they could find an answer with one test. "What we found was interesting. In three-quarters of the patients who had an MRI performed, we were able to identify a plausible reason why that heart rhythm occurred. When we looked at the conventional testing and in only half the patients found a cause. So this made a very big and incremental difference to our diagnosis of these patients. We also found that about 50 per cent of the time, we provided either a new or alternate diagnosis for this patient population." Often the patients were found to have inflammation of the heart muscle or small heart attacks that had gone undetected.

The research was conducted in conjunction with the arrhythmia department at London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC). Dr. White is a Cardiologist and a scientist with Robarts and the Biomedical Imaging Research Centre (BIRC) at Western and Lawson Health Research Institute. He is an assistant professor in the Department of Medicine at Schulich Medicine & Dentistry and practices within the Division of Cardiology at the LHSC.

Dr. White is supported by a Clinician Scientist Award from the Heart & Stroke Foundation of Ontario. Additional funding was supplied by the Canada Foundation for Innovation and the Ontario Research Fund.

Kathy Wallis | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.uwo.ca

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Infants later diagnosed with autism follow adults’ gaze, but seldom initiate joint attention
24.05.2019 | Schwedischer Forschungsrat - The Swedish Research Council

nachricht When wheels and heads are spinning - DFG research project on motion sickness in automated driving
22.05.2019 | Technische Universität Berlin

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New studies increase confidence in NASA's measure of Earth's temperature

A new assessment of NASA's record of global temperatures revealed that the agency's estimate of Earth's long-term temperature rise in recent decades is accurate to within less than a tenth of a degree Fahrenheit, providing confidence that past and future research is correctly capturing rising surface temperatures.

The most complete assessment ever of statistical uncertainty within the GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP) data product shows that the annual values...

Im Focus: The geometry of an electron determined for the first time

Physicists at the University of Basel are able to show for the first time how a single electron looks in an artificial atom. A newly developed method enables them to show the probability of an electron being present in a space. This allows improved control of electron spins, which could serve as the smallest information unit in a future quantum computer. The experiments were published in Physical Review Letters and the related theory in Physical Review B.

The spin of an electron is a promising candidate for use as the smallest information unit (qubit) of a quantum computer. Controlling and switching this spin or...

Im Focus: Self-repairing batteries

UTokyo engineers develop a way to create high-capacity long-life batteries

Engineers at the University of Tokyo continually pioneer new ways to improve battery technology. Professor Atsuo Yamada and his team recently developed a...

Im Focus: Quantum Cloud Computing with Self-Check

With a quantum coprocessor in the cloud, physicists from Innsbruck, Austria, open the door to the simulation of previously unsolvable problems in chemistry, materials research or high-energy physics. The research groups led by Rainer Blatt and Peter Zoller report in the journal Nature how they simulated particle physics phenomena on 20 quantum bits and how the quantum simulator self-verified the result for the first time.

Many scientists are currently working on investigating how quantum advantage can be exploited on hardware already available today. Three years ago, physicists...

Im Focus: Accelerating quantum technologies with materials processing at the atomic scale

'Quantum technologies' utilise the unique phenomena of quantum superposition and entanglement to encode and process information, with potentially profound benefits to a wide range of information technologies from communications to sensing and computing.

However a major challenge in developing these technologies is that the quantum phenomena are very fragile, and only a handful of physical systems have been...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

SEMANTiCS 2019 brings together industry leaders and data scientists in Karlsruhe

29.04.2019 | Event News

Revered mathematicians and computer scientists converge with 200 young researchers in Heidelberg!

17.04.2019 | Event News

First dust conference in the Central Asian part of the earth’s dust belt

15.04.2019 | Event News

 
Latest News

On Mars, sands shift to a different drum

24.05.2019 | Physics and Astronomy

Piedmont Atlanta first in Georgia to offer new minimally invasive treatment for emphysema

24.05.2019 | Medical Engineering

Chemical juggling with three particles

24.05.2019 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>