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Transforming biochar into fuel gas

07.06.2017

Until now it has been difficult to utilise the energy provided by biogenic residues resulting from landscape management waste products, garden waste and similar materials from agriculture, horticulture and food production. This is due to their high moisture content and inhomogeneous composition. In a new process, these materials are first converted into biochar and then into a fuel gas for driving an engine-operated CHP unit. The BINE-Projektinfo brochure entitled “Syngas from biocoals” (04/2017) presents the plants. These utilise a new entrained-flow gasifier that has been specially developed for small units.

New process taps the energy potential provided by biogenic residues


SunCoal produces biocoal from biomass in a short process time. Quality control staff at the pilot-scale plant.

© SunCoal GmbH

The organic waste is converted using the hydrothermal carbonisation process (HTC). This works with pressure and heat in order to replicate the natural carbonisation process of biomass. This creates a high-quality biochar, whose calorific value is 70% higher than that of the starting materials.

It is ground for the subsequent gasification process. The biochar dust starting material is then converted in the entrained-flow gasifier into a carbon monoxide- and hydrogen-containing fuel gas that is suitable for driving engine-operated CHP units. The HTC plant and the entrained-flow gasifier have successfully completed testing on a pilot scale.

The developers are currently working on improving the process economically. Approaches include the future utilisation of waste heat from the processes and automating the process to a greater extent. The research project was led by SunCoal Industries GmbH in cooperation with the Technical University of Munich.

You found all informations about the BINE Projectinfo brochure entitled "Syngas from biocoals" here:

http://www.bine.info/en/press/press-releases/press/pressemitteilung/biokohle-in-...

Uwe Milles/Birgit Schneider
presse(at)bine.info

About BINE Information Service

Energy research for practical applications

The BINE Information Service reports on energy research topics, such as new materials, systems and components, as well as innovative concepts and methods. The knowledge gained is incorporated into the implementation of new technologies in practice, because first-rate information provides a basis for pioneering decisions, whether in the planning of energy-optimised buildings, increasing the efficiency of industrial processes, or integrating renewable energy sources into existing systems.

About FIZ Karlsruhe

FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure is a not-for-profit organization with the public mission to make sci-tech information from all over the world publicly available and to provide related services in order to support the national and international transfer of knowledge and the promotion of innovation.
Our business areas:
• STN International – the world’s leading online service for research and patent information in science and technology
• KnowEsis – innovative eScience solutions to support the process of research in all its stages, and throughout all scientific disciplines
• Databases and Information Services – Databases and science portals in mathematics, computer science, crystallography, chemistry, and energy technology
FIZ Karlsruhe is a member of the Leibniz Association (WGL) which consists of 87 German research and infrastructure institutions.

Weitere Informationen:

http://www.bine.info/en - BINE Informationsdienst

Rüdiger Mack | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

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