Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Research against the corona virus - tissue models for rapid drug testing


The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) is placing unprecedented restrictions on public life and economy. The global research efforts to fill the knowledge gaps regarding the new pathogen and to develop effective therapies are correspondingly large. In Wuerzburg, too, researchers from the Fraunhofer Translational Center for Regenerative Therapies are working together with the virologist Prof. Dr. Bodem from the University of Wuerzburg to identify active substances against the virus.

The tissue models from the Fraunhofer Translational Center for Regenerative Therapies (TLC-RT), which has been part of the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC in Würzburg since 2017, actually look quite unspectacular. Cell culture scaffolds are stored in light pink nutrient solution in transparent plastic plates with circular wells.

Cell model analysis at the microscope

K. Dobberke for Fraunhofer ISC

Cell-based 3D-tissue models for drug testing

K. Dobberke for Fraunhofer ISC

But behind the sober appearance there is something hidden that could revolutionize the development of active ingredients and drugs. For example, not only individual cells of the digestive tract, but intestinal organoids containing all essential cells of the intestinal mucosa, or not only individual cells from the respiratory tract, but a cell model of the human, ciliated respiratory mucosa, which is the primary target tissue of SARS-CoV-2.

Rapid drug testing with tissue models

Currently, the Fraunhofer team, together with Prof. Bodem's research group at the University Institute for Virology and Immunobiology in Wuerzburg, is investigating defined substances for their effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the current corona/COVID-19-pandemic.

"Together with our colleagues from virology, we are analyzing whether the addition of certain substances can inhibit the viral replication in the tissue models. We are also investigating how an infection with SARS-CoV-2 affects the functionality - e.g. barrier function or mucus formation - of respiratory tract models. With our airway tissue models, we thus obtain a comprehensive picture of possible processes that could also occur in humans after an infection," says project leader Dr. Maria Steinke of TLC-RT.

"In a first step, it would already be helpful to find active substances that weaken the virus and strengthen and stabilize the body's own immune system". The researchers and their project partners also plan to investigate substances that have already been approved for other diseases, as this would help to shorten the usual and necessary time-consuming and costly clinical approval process. Thus, they hope to identify compounds for SARS-CoV-2 therapy as quickly as possible.

Research approach for specific early warning test

Early warning tests that react reliably to SARS-CoV-2 at a very early stage of the infection could also be a further component in the fight against the corona pandemic.

"The fact that SARS-CoV-2-infected people often report gastrointestinal symptoms at a relatively early stage of the disease could possibly be useful. Whether and how this is related to the corona virus is still unclear. To fill this knowledge gap, one could use our model systems of the gastrointestinal tract," adds PD Dr. Marco Metzger, head of the Fraunhofer TLC-RT.

At present, a number of project applications have been submitted to the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the German Research Foundation (DFG) with the cooperation partners from Wuerzburg and Leipzig in order to be able to continue financing this work.

Reliable data with less animal experiments

With these human 3D tissue models, the TLC-RT researchers are at the forefront of biomedical research. "We use these cell-based models, for example, to test active ingredients, drugs or even cosmetics for research and industry. As a result, far less animal experiments are required and the results of the tests can be transferred more reliably to humans because we can use human cells from cell banks for the tissue models," explains Prof. Dr. Gerhard Sextl, Director of the Fraunhofer ISC. The models are of particular interest for the pre-clinical phase of drug development aiming to identify the appropriate active substances for a particular disease quickly and reliably.

Here, the researchers aim to replace animal experiments or very simplified 2D cell culture systems that have been used so far.

Wissenschaftliche Ansprechpartner:

PD Dr. Marco Metzger l Head of the Fraunhofer Translational Center for Regenerative Therapies l Phone +49 931 31 86686 l | Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC, Wuerzburg l

Dr. Maria Steinke | Phone +49 931 31 80720 | | Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC, Wuerzburg |


Lodes N, Seidensticker K, Perniss A, Nietzer S, Oberwinkler H, May T, Walles T, Hebestreit H, Hackenberg S, Steinke M. »Investigation on Ciliary Functionality of Different Airway Epithelial Cell Lines in Three-Dimensional Cell Culture«. Tissue Eng Part A. 2019 Dec 27. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEA

Schweinlin S, Wilhelm S, Schwedhelm I, Hansmann J, Ritscher R, Jurowich C, Walles H, Metzger M. »Development of an advanced primary human in vitro model of the small intestine«. Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods 2016 Sep;22(9):873-83.

Weitere Informationen: - Website of the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC - Website of the Fraunhofer Translational Center for Regenerative Therapies

Dipl.-Geophys. Marie-Luise Righi | Fraunhofer-Institut für Silicatforschung ISC
Further information:

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Neuronal circuits in the brain 'sense' our inner state
15.07.2020 | Technische Universität München

nachricht Novel test method detects coronavirus in highly diluted gargle samples
15.07.2020 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A new path for electron optics in solid-state systems

A novel mechanism for electron optics in two-dimensional solid-state systems opens up a route to engineering quantum-optical phenomena in a variety of materials

Electrons can interfere in the same manner as water, acoustical or light waves do. When exploited in solid-state materials, such effects promise novel...

Im Focus: Electron cryo-microscopy: Using inexpensive technology to produce high-resolution images

Biochemists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have used a standard electron cryo-microscope to achieve surprisingly good images that are on par with those taken by far more sophisticated equipment. They have succeeded in determining the structure of ferritin almost at the atomic level. Their results were published in the journal "PLOS ONE".

Electron cryo-microscopy has become increasingly important in recent years, especially in shedding light on protein structures. The developers of the new...

Im Focus: The spin state story: Observation of the quantum spin liquid state in novel material

New insight into the spin behavior in an exotic state of matter puts us closer to next-generation spintronic devices

Aside from the deep understanding of the natural world that quantum physics theory offers, scientists worldwide are working tirelessly to bring forth a...

Im Focus: Excitation of robust materials

Kiel physics team observed extremely fast electronic changes in real time in a special material class

In physics, they are currently the subject of intensive research; in electronics, they could enable completely new functions. So-called topological materials...

Im Focus: Electrons in the fast lane

Solar cells based on perovskite compounds could soon make electricity generation from sunlight even more efficient and cheaper. The laboratory efficiency of these perovskite solar cells already exceeds that of the well-known silicon solar cells. An international team led by Stefan Weber from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz has found microscopic structures in perovskite crystals that can guide the charge transport in the solar cell. Clever alignment of these "electron highways" could make perovskite solar cells even more powerful.

Solar cells convert sunlight into electricity. During this process, the electrons of the material inside the cell absorb the energy of the light....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Industry & Economy
Event News

Contact Tracing Apps against COVID-19: German National Academy Leopoldina hosts international virtual panel discussion

07.07.2020 | Event News

International conference QuApps shows status quo of quantum technology

02.07.2020 | Event News

Dresden Nexus Conference 2020: Same Time, Virtual Format, Registration Opened

19.05.2020 | Event News

Latest News

Tiny bubbles make a quantum leap

15.07.2020 | Physics and Astronomy

Higher-order topology found in 2D crystal

15.07.2020 | Materials Sciences

Russian scientists have discovered a new physical paradox

15.07.2020 | Physics and Astronomy

Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>