In Germany, about 8 million people are affected. These numbers could even be an underestimation as a relatively high number of undiagnosed diabetics remains. The newly-published meta analysis 1) on the genetics of type 2 diabetes casts new light on the origin of this disease.
With participation of scientists of the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, the international study confirms findings that the disease is at least partly based on a misregulation of insulin producing cells.
The newly published meta analysis, in which 90 scientists from more than 40 centers were involved, evaluated data of 15 European and American studies. It was possible to identify six new genes that play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes. This brings the number of genes associated with the disease to 16.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by perpetually raised blood sugar levels, which, untreated, can lead to damage of blood vessels, the kidneys and other important organs. Life style factors, such as overweight and lack of exercise, play an important role for disease aetiology. Nevertheless, a strong genetic component also underlies type 2 diabetes, which has been studied for some years, with the help of linkage and association studies.
The knowledge now gained allows new insights into the mechanisms responsible for the control of blood sugar levels in the blood.
The meta analysis comprises altogether studies with more than 70,000 participants. As a German contribution, data from about 2,700 participants of the KORA study were included. The involved scientists from Germany were Harald Grallert, Dr. Christa Meisinger and Dr. Thomas Illig, from the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, in close collaboration with Dr. Christian Herder and Dr. Wolfgang Rathmann, from the German Diabetes Center in Duesseldorf.
The head of the KORA study (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) is the director of the Institute of Epidemiology in the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Prof. Dr. Dr. H.-Erich Wichmann. The coordinator of the analysis was Dr. Eleftheria Zeggini, University of Oxford, under the direction of Prof. Mark McCarthy.
Michael van den Heuvel | alfa
Colorectal cancer risk factors decrypted
13.07.2018 | Max-Planck-Institut für Stoffwechselforschung
Algae Have Land Genes
13.07.2018 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
13.07.2018 | Event News
13.07.2018 | Materials Sciences
13.07.2018 | Life Sciences