Computer modeling and simulation programs that depict predisaster site conditions, changes due to sudden life-threatening events and consequences of emergency responses can be powerful tools for preparing for and coping with everything from terrorist attacks to hurricanes. Yet the multitude of programs, incompatibility of systems as well as technical jargon in the programs themselves hinder widespread acceptance of the potentially life-saving technology. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is working to make such modeling and simulation programs readily accessible to emergency response decision-makers.
NIST is identifying the needs of emergency personnel and surveying the available modeling and simulation tools. It also proposes simplifying language in emergency response software to enable emergency personnel, at every level, to use the tools. In addition, NIST advocates industry-government efforts to develop interoperability standards for all modeling, simulation and visualization tools. Finally, NIST supports creation of an electronic "Emergency Response Framework" for such standardized programs. The framework would present state, local and national level decision-makers with a comprehensive menu of easily accessible modeling and simulation programs for understanding the extent of various threats, for training on mitigating damage to life and property and for coordinating emergency responses to actual events. NIST is currently working with other government researchers, industry software experts and emergency response leaders on a roadmap and development plan for the framework.
John Blair | EurekAlert!
Accelerating quantum technologies with materials processing at the atomic scale
15.05.2019 | University of Oxford
A step towards probabilistic computing
15.05.2019 | University of Konstanz
Physicists at the University of Basel are able to show for the first time how a single electron looks in an artificial atom. A newly developed method enables them to show the probability of an electron being present in a space. This allows improved control of electron spins, which could serve as the smallest information unit in a future quantum computer. The experiments were published in Physical Review Letters and the related theory in Physical Review B.
The spin of an electron is a promising candidate for use as the smallest information unit (qubit) of a quantum computer. Controlling and switching this spin or...
Engineers at the University of Tokyo continually pioneer new ways to improve battery technology. Professor Atsuo Yamada and his team recently developed a...
With a quantum coprocessor in the cloud, physicists from Innsbruck, Austria, open the door to the simulation of previously unsolvable problems in chemistry, materials research or high-energy physics. The research groups led by Rainer Blatt and Peter Zoller report in the journal Nature how they simulated particle physics phenomena on 20 quantum bits and how the quantum simulator self-verified the result for the first time.
Many scientists are currently working on investigating how quantum advantage can be exploited on hardware already available today. Three years ago, physicists...
'Quantum technologies' utilise the unique phenomena of quantum superposition and entanglement to encode and process information, with potentially profound benefits to a wide range of information technologies from communications to sensing and computing.
However a major challenge in developing these technologies is that the quantum phenomena are very fragile, and only a handful of physical systems have been...
Working group led by physicist Professor Ulrich Nowak at the University of Konstanz, in collaboration with a team of physicists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, demonstrates how skyrmions can be used for the computer concepts of the future
When it comes to performing a calculation destined to arrive at an exact result, humans are hopelessly inferior to the computer. In other areas, humans are...
29.04.2019 | Event News
17.04.2019 | Event News
15.04.2019 | Event News
23.05.2019 | Materials Sciences
23.05.2019 | Materials Sciences
23.05.2019 | Physics and Astronomy