What is the world coming to? An unsuspecting reef fish steps up to have its parasites removed by its favourite cleaner fish, the bluestreak cleaner wrasse, but instead of a thorough going over, it gets a nasty nip from the cleverly disguised bluestriped fangblenny, intent on a quick feed.
Blue striped fangblenny hides in coral
Mimics in nature have usually evolved to resemble foul-tasting animals, in a bid to protect themselves from predators, but the bluestriped fangblenny fish mimics a model -the bluestreak cleaner wrasse- that is not only harmless but actually beneficial to many reef fish species.
Researchers at University of East Anglia, Isabelle Côté and Karen Cheney, have discovered that fangblennies can choose when to be mimics. When no cleanerfish are nearby, fangblennies can turn off their remarkable black-and-blue cleaner-like colours. They become brown, green or orange, add a second side stripe to their bodies, and melt into large shoals from which they attack unsuspecting fish swimming by.
Cathy Young | alfa
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Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
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