While unemployment is viewed as a bad signal by prospective employers, economists have speculated that being in a low-quality job may well be an equally bad signal. Professor Stewart has investigated this hypothesis and looks at how the overall employment prospects of people in low paid jobs compared on the one hand with those on higher rates of pay and on the other hand with those who are unemployed.
Professor Stewart looked at data on 4739 individuals over six years in the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from 1991 to 1996 (chosen to be prior to the introduction of the National Minimum Wage). He identified those earning less than £3.50 hour (in 1997 terms) as being low paid.
His study found that employees in a low wage job are 2.7 times as likely to be unemployed a year later as those who were higher paid. Professor Stewart also found that the probability of reentering unemployment for someone who gets a low-wage job after a spell of unemployment is twice that for someone with the same characteristics who manages to get a higher paid job after the unemployment spell.
His research also established that being in a period of low waged employment had almost the same detrimental affect on future employment prospects as a period of actual unemployment.
Professor Stewart said:
"Low-wage jobs act as the main conduit for repeat unemployment. The results in this paper suggest that not all jobs are ‘good’ jobs, in the sense of improving future prospects, and that low-wage jobs typically do not lead on to better things. If unemployed individuals’ future employment prospects are to be permanently improved, they need to find jobs where they can augment their skills (for example through training) and move up the pay distribution. Low paid jobs typically do not provide this."
Peter Dunn | alfa
Microtechnology industry is hiring – positive developments of past years continue
09.04.2018 | IVAM Fachverband für Mikrotechnik
RWI/ISL-Container Throughput Index with minor decline on a high overall level
20.03.2018 | RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.
When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...
Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....
Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...
Scientists have discovered that the electrical resistance of a copper-oxide compound depends on the magnetic field in a very unusual way -- a finding that could help direct the search for materials that can perfectly conduct electricity at room temperatur
What happens when really powerful magnets--capable of producing magnetic fields nearly two million times stronger than Earth's--are applied to materials that...
The quality of materials often depends on the manufacturing process. In casting and welding, for example, the rate at which melts solidify and the resulting microstructure of the alloy is important. With metallic foams as well, it depends on exactly how the foaming process takes place. To understand these processes fully requires fast sensing capability. The fastest 3D tomographic images to date have now been achieved at the BESSY II X-ray source operated by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin.
Dr. Francisco Garcia-Moreno and his team have designed a turntable that rotates ultra-stably about its axis at a constant rotational speed. This really depends...
08.08.2018 | Event News
27.07.2018 | Event News
25.07.2018 | Event News
14.08.2018 | Information Technology
14.08.2018 | Life Sciences
14.08.2018 | Life Sciences