Dr. Masanori Kohno, a MANA Scientist at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA; Director-General: Masakazu Aono), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS; President: Sukekatsu Ushioda), theoretically clarified the nature of the metal-insulator transition due to electronic correlation (repulsive force between electrons) (Mott transition).
Spectral intensity distribution A(k,¦Ø)t of single-electron excitation near the Mott transition in a 2-dimensional Hubbard model. A large intensity area indicates a strong character as a normal electron. In the ordinate at the left, excitation energy ¦Ø is divided by the hopping strength t (>0). ¦Ø represents the excitation energy in electron-addition excitation for ¦Ø>0 and that in electron-subtraction excitation shown with a minus sign for ¦Ø<0. The abscissa shows the wave vector k. In the figure at the left, the right-hand panel shows the density of states of single electron excitation A(¦Ø)t. The figure at the right shows the distribution of spectral intensity for ¦Ø¡Ö0. Copyright : NIMS
Dr. Kohno also succeeded in explaining various anomalous behaviors observed in high temperature superconductors in a unified manner as features near the Mott transition. This research is a great advance toward elucidation of the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity.
Because superconductors transmit electricity with no resistance, they are considered key materials for solving environmental and energy problems. However, practical application has been limited by the low superconducting transition temperature of the superconductors obtained up to now. In order to obtain superconductors with higher transition temperatures, it is important to elucidate the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity. Since it is known that high temperature superconductivity is realized near the Mott transition, understanding the anomalous behaviors which occur near the Mott transition is considered to hold the key to elucidating the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity.
In insulators which occur due to the Mott transition (Mott insulators), spin and charge become decoupled, meaning that electron spin can move, but charge cannot move. This spin-charge separation in Mott insulators could not be treated accurately within the framework of conventional metal theory. In the present research, Dr. Kohno applied an analysis of exact solutions for a 1-dimensional system to numerical data obtained using a super computer, and found that 2-dimensional systems also display signs that the degrees of freedom of spin and charge separate toward the Mott transition, and this triggers anomalous behaviors near the Mott transition. Thus, the behaviors that had been thought to be anomalous under the conventional concept can be understood in a natural and unified manner by this new concept as features near the Mott transition in a simple model of a 2-dimensional system.
Although this research did not reach an elucidation of the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity, it opens the way to elucidation by solving the mystery of anomalous behavior, which had been the greatest problem in research on high temperature superconductivity.This research result was obtained as part of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Basic Research (C) “Research on Electronic States Near Mott Transition” (Research Representative: Masanori Kohno), Grant-in-Aid, Special Area “Novel States of Matter Induced by Frustration” (Area Representative: Prof. Hikaru Kawamura, Osaka University), and the World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI) International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA; Director-General: Masakazu Aono). The NIMS super computer was used in numerical calculations. This achievement will be announced on February 15 in the online edition of Physical Review Letters, which is a publication of the American Physical Society.
Beyond conventional solution-process for 2-D heterostructure
22.06.2018 | Science China Press
Graphene assembled film shows higher thermal conductivity than graphite film
22.06.2018 | Chalmers University of Technology
In a recent publication in the renowned journal Optica, scientists of Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology (Leibniz IPHT) in Jena showed that they can accurately control the optical properties of liquid-core fiber lasers and therefore their spectral band width by temperature and pressure tuning.
Already last year, the researchers provided experimental proof of a new dynamic of hybrid solitons– temporally and spectrally stationary light waves resulting...
Scientists from the University of Freiburg and the University of Basel identified a master regulator for bone regeneration. Prasad Shastri, Professor of...
Moving into its fourth decade, AchemAsia is setting out for new horizons: The International Expo and Innovation Forum for Sustainable Chemical Production will take place from 21-23 May 2019 in Shanghai, China. With an updated event profile, the eleventh edition focusses on topics that are especially relevant for the Chinese process industry, putting a strong emphasis on sustainability and innovation.
Founded in 1989 as a spin-off of ACHEMA to cater to the needs of China’s then developing industry, AchemAsia has since grown into a platform where the latest...
The BMBF-funded OWICELLS project was successfully completed with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich. The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot, while the robot carried out usual production processes (welding, moving and testing parts) in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes. The system can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s and five milliseconds latency.
Modern production technologies in the automobile industry must become more flexible in order to fulfil individual customer requirements.
An international team of scientists has discovered a new way to transfer image information through multimodal fibers with almost no distortion - even if the fiber is bent. The results of the study, to which scientist from the Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology Jena (Leibniz IPHT) contributed, were published on 6thJune in the highly-cited journal Physical Review Letters.
Endoscopes allow doctors to see into a patient’s body like through a keyhole. Typically, the images are transmitted via a bundle of several hundreds of optical...
13.06.2018 | Event News
08.06.2018 | Event News
05.06.2018 | Event News
22.06.2018 | Materials Sciences
22.06.2018 | Earth Sciences
22.06.2018 | Life Sciences