Active plant substance reduces pulmonary hypertension

Daniela Wenzel, Michaela Matthey and Alexander Seidinger (from left) tested the effect of the substance FR on pulmonary hypertension.
Credit: © RUB, Marquard

What causes pulmonary hypertension.

The blood pressure inside the lungs is typically much lower than in the rest of the body. Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the blood vessels within the lungs contract and the smooth muscle layer surrounding these vessels thickens. The disease puts constant stress on the right heart, as it needs considerably more strength to pump the blood through the lungs. As a result, the heart becomes enlarged and may eventually fail due to overload. “The causes of pulmonary hypertension are often obscure,” points out Alexander Seidinger.

As part of his doctoral thesis, he focused on finding new treatment options for this serious disease. Current drugs are based on blocking individual receptors or signaling pathways that transmit the signal to constrict the pulmonary vessels. “However, there are many of these so-called vasoconstrictors,” says Alexander Seidinger. “And each one has its own receptor. A single blockade is therefore not very effective.”

Gq proteins make a promising target

The researchers chose a different approach: Rather than targeting the signal transmitter, it intervenes at a later stage in signal transmission. “Within the cells, there are only a few pathways through which the signal for vasoconstriction is passed on,” explains Seidinger. “So-called Gq proteins are involved in many of these pathways. This makes them a good target for intervention.”

Previous studies had shown that the substance FR from the plant Ardisia crenata, which is a common houseplant, has an effect on Gq proteins. The researchers therefore hoped to use FR to inhibit many different vasoconstrictors equally. They first tested the substance on isolated pulmonary vessels from mice and demonstrated its effectiveness. “FR quickly resulted in significant vascular relaxation,” points out Alexander Seidinger. Subsequent tests on tissue from pigs and human samples confirmed this effect. In experiments on mice suffering from pulmonary hypertension, the researchers eventually showed that treatment with FR alleviated the symptoms and greatly improved the animals’ state of health. “The thickness of the muscle layer around the pulmonary vessels decreased – or didn’t even increase in the first place,” says Seidinger.

The researchers only observed minor side effects: The blood pressure dropped slightly throughout the body. In fact, this could be beneficial in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. “FR could therefore be a promising drug candidate for the treatment of the disease,” concludes Alexander Seidinger. “However, it will certainly take many years of intensive research before it can be used in clinical practice.”

Cooperation partners

In addition to the researchers from Systems Physiology at Ruhr University Bochum, researchers from the Pharmacology Research Group, University Hospital of Nottingham, UK, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA, the University of Bonn and the University Hospital of Ruhr University Bochum in Bad Oeynhausen collaborated on the study.

Journal: EMBO Molecular Medicine
DOI: 10.1038/s44321-024-00096-0
Method of Research: Experimental study
Subject of Research: Animals
Article Title: Pharmacological Gq Inhibition Induces Strong Pulmonary Vasorelaxation and Reverses Pulmonary Hypertension
Article Publication Date: 8-Jul-2024

Media Contact

Meike Driessen
Ruhr-University Bochum
Office: 49-234-32-26952

Expert Contact

Dr. Alexander Seidinger
Institute of Physiology Department of Systems Physiology Faculty of Medicine Ruhr University Bochum
Office: +49 234 32 29103

Media Contact

Meike Driessen
Ruhr-University Bochum

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