Sphingosine-1-phosphate is a bioactive lipid signaling molecule and an ago-nistic ligand of five specific G protein coupled receptors named S1P1-5.These receptors play a crucial role in the cardiovascular and immune sys-tem and in angiogenesis. The known compound FTY720 (Fingolimod) is a sphingosine analogue with immunosuppressive effects and was recently approved for treatment of multiple sclerosis in the United States and Russia. The synthetic sphingosine analogue cis-4-methylsphingosine was firstly syn-thesized by R. R. Schmidt and coworkers in 1993 in nine steps. Similar to FTY720 this compound is phosphorylated in biological systems and inhibits the activity of different S1P-receptors, however the spectrum of receptors influended by cis-4-methylsphingosine is slightly different to that influenced by FTY720. Cis-4-methylsphingosine induces apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells.</p> <p><span class="Apple-style-span" style="line-height: 15px; "></span></p> <p><strong>Technology</strong> <br> We offer a rapid and simple method for the stereoselective synthesis of cis-4-methylsphingosine and derivatives thereof in only two steps. The novel synthesis is characterized by using easily accessible starting material, and an overall yield of nearly 30% which is almost 100-fold compared to the synthesis known in the art. Since cis-4-methylsphingosine also influences S1P-receptors like FTY70, however with a slight different spectrum, this com-pound might have similar effects or might support or supplement the activity of FTY720. Thereby cis-4-methysphingosine has a great potential for phar-maceutical application. </p> <b>Benefits:</b>
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New Lithium Salts of Pentafluorophenylamide Anions as Electrolytes in Lithium Ionic Batteries
18.04.2017 | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
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Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....
Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.
The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
24.05.2017 | Event News
23.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Event News
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy