The complete DNA sequence of the gene cluster coding for the microginin synthetase of the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa has been identified and sequenced for the first time. The microginin synthetase is a large multi-enzyme complex which catalyzes the microginin, a small linear lipopeptide belonging to the group of non-ribosomal synthesized peptides. <br><br> Microginins are synthesized by various species of cyanobacteria (“blue-green algae”) in diverse structure variants. Mircroginins represent an interesting group of unusual peptides in view of medical application as they are known to have inhibitory effects on the Angiotensin-Converting- Enzyme (ACE). Thus, microginins are potential ACE-inhibitors and represent important drug candidates to treat hypertension and associated diseases such as chronic heart failure and diabetic nephropathy.<br><br> The new identified DNA-sequence of the microginin synthetase gene cluster can be used to identify homologue gene cluster in other cyanobacteria spe-cies and as a matter of fact for the detection of new microginin variants or microginin-like structures. Further on, novel microginin variants can be gen-erated by gene biocombinatoric experiments (gene shuffling) with the objec-tive to optimize the ACE-inhibitory effect.
email@example.com | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
Highly active and selective ligands for Integrin αvß6
13.10.2015 | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
Improved ex-vivo expansion of immune cells for use in cell therapy
17.11.2015 | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
Planet Earth experienced a global climate shift in the late 1980s on an unprecedented scale, fuelled by anthropogenic warming and a volcanic eruption, according to new research published this week.
Scientists say that a major step change, or ‘regime shift’, in the Earth’s biophysical systems, from the upper atmosphere to the depths of the ocean and from...
The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE has installed 70 photovoltaic modules on the outer façade of one of its lab buildings. The modules were...
Nerve cells cover their high energy demand with glucose and lactate. Scientists of the University of Zurich now provide new support for this. They show for the first time in the intact mouse brain evidence for an exchange of lactate between different brain cells. With this study they were able to confirm a 20-year old hypothesis.
In comparison to other organs, the human brain has the highest energy requirements. The supply of energy for nerve cells and the particular role of lactic acid...
In laser material processing, the simulation of processes has made great strides over the past few years. Today, the software can predict relatively well what will happen on the workpiece. Unfortunately, it is also highly complex and requires a lot of computing time. Thanks to clever simplification, experts from Fraunhofer ILT are now able to offer the first-ever simulation software that calculates processes in real time and also runs on tablet computers and smartphones. The fast software enables users to do without expensive experiments and to find optimum process parameters even more effectively.
Before now, the reliable simulation of laser processes was a job for experts. Armed with sophisticated software packages and after many hours on computer...
Researchers at Heidelberg University have devised a new way to study the phenomenon of magnetism. Using ultracold atoms at near absolute zero, they prepared a...
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27.11.2015 | Materials Sciences