Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Different views of gender roles explain Swedish-Danish differences in parental leave policy

09.11.2011
In 1974, Sweden became the first country in the world to allow men to go on parental leave.

This was largely a result of the idea carriers making the issue a matter of gender neutrality, according to a new doctoral thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

The thesis sheds new light on the historical processes that have led to Swedish mothers and fathers sharing the parental insurance, whereas in Denmark it is still mostly for mothers.

‘The main reason is that the people in Sweden who in the 60s and 70s wanted to see a change in the gender roles managed to make the gender role debate a question of gender neutrality,’ Sofie Cedstrand, author of the thesis.

By emphasising the unreasonable fact that the state was treating women and men differently, the idea carriers gained the support of the labour movement and also managed to gain majority support in the Parliament for the idea of replacing the motherhood insurance with a gender-neutral parental insurance.

‘This was of course a compromise that in practice did not have to mean that all mothers and fathers would change their behaviour. But if we compare the Swedish process with the one in Denmark around the same time, it is clear that without the compromise there would probably never have been a change in Sweden,’ says Cedstrand.

‘In Denmark, the movement behind changed gender roles wanted part of the parental insurance to be reserved for men only. That was just too radical, and thus they didn’t gain enough support.’

The parental insurances still differ significantly between the two countries. Although Danish men have gained access to the insurance, they cannot use all parts of it.

‘The legislative differences and the clear difference in the view of the gender roles probably also explain why Swedish men use more than 21 percent of the Swedish parental insurance while the corresponding figure in Denmark is 6 percent.

The thesis has been successfully defended.
For more information, please contact: Sofie Cedstrand,
Telephone: +46(0)31 786 14 85
Mobile: +46(0)730 50 35 13,
E-mail: sofie.cedstrand@spa.gu.se

Helena Aaberg | idw
Further information:
http://www.gu.se

Further reports about: Cedstrand Denmark Swedish gender role debate parental leave

More articles from Social Sciences:

nachricht Illinois researchers researchers find tweeting in cities lower than expected
21.02.2018 | University of Illinois College of Engineering

nachricht Polluted air may pollute our morality
08.02.2018 | Association for Psychological Science

All articles from Social Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Good vibrations feel the force

A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal.

By measuring the highly unusual atomic trajectories under extreme electromagnetic transients, the MPSD group could reconstruct how rigid the atomic bonds are...

Im Focus: Developing reliable quantum computers

International research team makes important step on the path to solving certification problems

Quantum computers may one day solve algorithmic problems which even the biggest supercomputers today can’t manage. But how do you test a quantum computer to...

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Keen Sense for Molecules

23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

“Laser Technology Live” at the AKL’18 International Laser Technology Congress in Aachen

23.02.2018 | Trade Fair News

Newly designed molecule binds nitrogen

23.02.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>