Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Early pedagogical assessment of young children at preschool

05.10.2011
Swedish preschools are now part of a strong culture of assessment. Young children’s development and learning is documented through tests and measurement, and is assessed using a variety of diagnostic tools.
A thesis from the University of Gothenburg shows how preschool teachers are also involved in assessing preschool children thgough pedagogical documentation.

Pedagogical documentation involves preschool teachers observing and keeping a record of children’s attempts to create meaning.

This documentation tool was developed at the municipal preschools in Reggio Emilia in northern Italy. Various events and processes in preschool activities are documented via photographs, filming or written notes. Afterwards, the preschool teachers reflect on their own pedagogical activities.

The work with pedagogical documentation is widespread in Swedish pre-schools. More than half of Sweden's municipalities train their preschool teachers in the method. However, there is a lack of empirical studies into pedagogical documentation in particular.

Individual assessments
Lise-Lotte Bjervås has observed preschool teachers discussing and making assessments of children in relation to the pedagogical documentation that they have carried out. The majority of the children being discussed in the conversations that were observed are aged 1–3 years.

“The perception is often that pedagogical documentation should differ from other documentation and not involve individual assessments. But this form of documentation does in fact involve individual assessment,” says Lise-Lotte Bjervås.

Expanded opportunities
Her study shows that the teachers chiefly assess the children as being competent and in possession of a number of skills. However, the teachers place these skills first and foremost in the children themselves rather than in the educational context that the children are offered.

“The concept of creating meaning involves children organising their world and trying to understand the context in which they live. Assessing a child pedagogically doesn’t necessarily have to mean focusing on the things that the child finds difficult. It’s a chance to look at their possibilities as well,” says Lise-Lotte Bjervås.

From the discussions she has examined at the preschools it has emerged that the teachers find the documentation useful for the children as well. The teachers believe that the documentation help improve opportunities for children to show their abilities, use them and develop new skills.

More preparation for school
Swedish preschool education has grown out of a socio-pedagogical tradition and is highlighted by the OECD as an example in which care, education and learning form a cohesive unit. However, ten years on from the preschool reform of 1998 – when the authority responsible for preschools changed from Socialstyrelsen (National Board of Health and Welfare) to Skolverket (Swedish National Agency for Education) – Skolverket’s evaluation revealed that the image of the Swedish preschool is complex and partly conflicting. Preschool activities have changed; Swedish preschools have become more of a preparation for school and are approaching the curriculum tradition represented by French and English-speaking countries, where younger children are exposed to an environment that is more like school and schools’ working methods.

The thesis has been successfully defended.

For further information, please contact: Lise-Lotte Bjervås
Telephone: +46 (0)480 446375, +46 (0)70 3144441.
E-mail: lotta.bjervas@lnu.se

Helena Aaberg | idw
Further information:
http://www.gu.se
http://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/25731

More articles from Science Education:

nachricht Starting school boosts development
11.05.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht New Master’s programme: University of Kaiserslautern educates experts in quantum technology
15.03.2017 | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

All articles from Science Education >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Map of the Cell’s Power Station

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>