Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Early pedagogical assessment of young children at preschool

Swedish preschools are now part of a strong culture of assessment. Young children’s development and learning is documented through tests and measurement, and is assessed using a variety of diagnostic tools.
A thesis from the University of Gothenburg shows how preschool teachers are also involved in assessing preschool children thgough pedagogical documentation.

Pedagogical documentation involves preschool teachers observing and keeping a record of children’s attempts to create meaning.

This documentation tool was developed at the municipal preschools in Reggio Emilia in northern Italy. Various events and processes in preschool activities are documented via photographs, filming or written notes. Afterwards, the preschool teachers reflect on their own pedagogical activities.

The work with pedagogical documentation is widespread in Swedish pre-schools. More than half of Sweden's municipalities train their preschool teachers in the method. However, there is a lack of empirical studies into pedagogical documentation in particular.

Individual assessments
Lise-Lotte Bjervås has observed preschool teachers discussing and making assessments of children in relation to the pedagogical documentation that they have carried out. The majority of the children being discussed in the conversations that were observed are aged 1–3 years.

“The perception is often that pedagogical documentation should differ from other documentation and not involve individual assessments. But this form of documentation does in fact involve individual assessment,” says Lise-Lotte Bjervås.

Expanded opportunities
Her study shows that the teachers chiefly assess the children as being competent and in possession of a number of skills. However, the teachers place these skills first and foremost in the children themselves rather than in the educational context that the children are offered.

“The concept of creating meaning involves children organising their world and trying to understand the context in which they live. Assessing a child pedagogically doesn’t necessarily have to mean focusing on the things that the child finds difficult. It’s a chance to look at their possibilities as well,” says Lise-Lotte Bjervås.

From the discussions she has examined at the preschools it has emerged that the teachers find the documentation useful for the children as well. The teachers believe that the documentation help improve opportunities for children to show their abilities, use them and develop new skills.

More preparation for school
Swedish preschool education has grown out of a socio-pedagogical tradition and is highlighted by the OECD as an example in which care, education and learning form a cohesive unit. However, ten years on from the preschool reform of 1998 – when the authority responsible for preschools changed from Socialstyrelsen (National Board of Health and Welfare) to Skolverket (Swedish National Agency for Education) – Skolverket’s evaluation revealed that the image of the Swedish preschool is complex and partly conflicting. Preschool activities have changed; Swedish preschools have become more of a preparation for school and are approaching the curriculum tradition represented by French and English-speaking countries, where younger children are exposed to an environment that is more like school and schools’ working methods.

The thesis has been successfully defended.

For further information, please contact: Lise-Lotte Bjervås
Telephone: +46 (0)480 446375, +46 (0)70 3144441.

Helena Aaberg | idw
Further information:

More articles from Science Education:

nachricht Decision-making research in children: Rules of thumb are learned with time
19.10.2016 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht Young people discover the "Learning Center"
20.09.2016 | Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering GmbH

All articles from Science Education >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

First results of NSTX-U research operations

26.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

UCI and NASA document accelerated glacier melting in West Antarctica

26.10.2016 | Earth Sciences

Ice shelf vibrations cause unusual waves in Antarctic atmosphere

25.10.2016 | Earth Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>