Venus Orbit Insertion timeline
Timeline of events during the Venus Orbit Insertion (VOI) manoeuvre, marking arrival of ESAs Venus Express spacecraft at its destination on 11 April.
VOI is a series of telecommands, engine burns and manoeuvres designed to slow the spacecraft from a velocity of 29 000 kilometres per hour relative to Venus to an entry velocity some 15 percent slower, allowing it to be captured into orbit around the planet.
Time (CEST) Event
09:17 VEX main engine burn starts
Venus Expresss main engine is due to fire for 50 minutes.
09:45 Occultation starts (loss of S-band signal)
An occultation occurs when Venus Express travels behind the planet so that the line of sight to Earth is blocked; it will lose radio contact (S-band) for almost 10 minutes. During the journey to Venus, communication has been in X-band, via the high-gain antenna HGA2. During VOI, neither of the two high-gain antennas can be used because of the spacecraft orientation. Only the low gain antenna (S-band) can carry a feeble signal to Earth to tell about the spacecraft velocity.
09:55 Occultation ends
Controllers will closely watch for reacquisition of radio contact once the occultation ends.
10:07 VEX main engine burn ends
10:10 Announcement by Flight Operations Director
11.07 X-band transmitter on
The X-band transmitter of the high-gain antenna HGA1 will be switched on for the first time in the mission, and will start sending Earth information about the health status of the spacecraft.
11:12 Telemetry received
11:30-12:15 Press Conference
All times above are Earth Received time - i.e. after the actual events have taken place at the spacecraft. During orbit insertion, the spacecraft will be 125 000 000 kilometres from Earth and the round-trip signal time will be 13 minutes and 32 seconds.
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