In the scenario proposed by the astrophysicists, the gas from the companion star is channeled along the magnetic field lines until it slams into the pulsar magnetic poles. This gas, heated to extreme temperatures, produces high-energy photons. These photons, emitted periodically at the pulsar rotation frequency, are detected by the INTEGRAL satellite. Additional observations by NASAs Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer show that during the cannibalization of the companion star, the pulsar spins faster and faster. The star’s matter, attracted by the very strong pulsar gravitational field, supplies the energy needed to accelerate the pulsar rotation.
This binary pulsar, known as IGR J00291+5934, was discovered thanks to the INTEGRAL’s sensitive detectors, during a routine scan of the Milky Way on 2004, December 2. Follow-up observations with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer satellite, designed to study rapid time variations, fund the pulsar period to be very fast, with a revolution every 1.67 milliseconds. The low mass companion star was founded to be approximately 40 times the Jupiter mass with an orbital period around 2.5 hours.
This fast-spinning pulsar is the first discovered by INTEGRAL and the fastest of a six members family. These observations back up the hypothesis that fast-spinning isolated pulsars are the consequence of this absorption process.
Célie Simeray | alfa
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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