The new University of Melbourne study “Employee Entitlements during Pregnancy and Maternal Psychological Well-being” also finds that almost one-fifth of employed women report that they had been discriminated against at work as a result of their pregnancy.
Lead researcher Amanda Cooklin, and colleagues Associate Professor Jane Fisher and Dr Heather Rowe, from the Key Centre for Women’s Health in Society, surveyed 165 pregnant Australian women, all of whom were employed during pregnancy before the birth of their first child. Ms Cooklin says, “Women who are discriminated against in pregnancy, and/or have no access to either paid or unpaid maternity leave report measurably more distress, fatigue, anger and anxiety than pregnant women who were not experiencing these forms of adversity.”
Of the 165 employed pregnant women surveyed:
Only 60 per cent had access to unpaid maternity leave, despite current legislation requiring all Australian employees to have access to this entitlement after 12 months of continuous employment;Only 46 per cent had access to paid maternity leave while others were forced to rely on sick leave, annual leave or go without income following childbirth.
Almost one in five women reported pregnancy-related discrimination from their employer in the form of negative or offensive comments or being excluded from promotion or training;
Women who were more highly educated and employed in managerial or professional jobs were more likely to have access to maternity leave than those in low-skilled, low paid occupations.
“Poor ante-natal emotional health is a known risk factor for mood disturbance after childbirth, so it is very important to understand the range of structural and social factors affecting women’s mental health in pregnancy,” Ms Cooklin says.
She adds, “Pregnancy-related workplace discrimination is disturbingly prevalent. About 80% of Australian women are employed prior to the birth of their first child, making employment conditions and events salient factors for consideration in assessments of maternal psychological health during pregnancy.”
Alina Boey | alfa
Millions through license revenues
27.04.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
New High-Performance Center Translational Medical Engineering
26.04.2017 | Fraunhofer ITEM
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
28.04.2017 | Event News
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering
28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences
28.04.2017 | Life Sciences