The new University of Melbourne study “Employee Entitlements during Pregnancy and Maternal Psychological Well-being” also finds that almost one-fifth of employed women report that they had been discriminated against at work as a result of their pregnancy.
Lead researcher Amanda Cooklin, and colleagues Associate Professor Jane Fisher and Dr Heather Rowe, from the Key Centre for Women’s Health in Society, surveyed 165 pregnant Australian women, all of whom were employed during pregnancy before the birth of their first child. Ms Cooklin says, “Women who are discriminated against in pregnancy, and/or have no access to either paid or unpaid maternity leave report measurably more distress, fatigue, anger and anxiety than pregnant women who were not experiencing these forms of adversity.”
Of the 165 employed pregnant women surveyed:
Only 60 per cent had access to unpaid maternity leave, despite current legislation requiring all Australian employees to have access to this entitlement after 12 months of continuous employment;Only 46 per cent had access to paid maternity leave while others were forced to rely on sick leave, annual leave or go without income following childbirth.
Almost one in five women reported pregnancy-related discrimination from their employer in the form of negative or offensive comments or being excluded from promotion or training;
Women who were more highly educated and employed in managerial or professional jobs were more likely to have access to maternity leave than those in low-skilled, low paid occupations.
“Poor ante-natal emotional health is a known risk factor for mood disturbance after childbirth, so it is very important to understand the range of structural and social factors affecting women’s mental health in pregnancy,” Ms Cooklin says.
She adds, “Pregnancy-related workplace discrimination is disturbingly prevalent. About 80% of Australian women are employed prior to the birth of their first child, making employment conditions and events salient factors for consideration in assessments of maternal psychological health during pregnancy.”
Alina Boey | alfa
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The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
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With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong
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An interdisciplinary group of researchers interfaced individual bacteria with a computer to build a hybrid bio-digital circuit - Study published in Nature Communications
Scientists at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have managed to control the behavior of individual bacteria by connecting them to a...
Physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (run jointly by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics) have developed an attosecond electron microscope that allows them to visualize the dispersion of light in time and space, and observe the motions of electrons in atoms.
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Transistors based on carbon nanostructures: what sounds like a futuristic dream could be reality in just a few years' time. An international research team working with Empa has now succeeded in producing nanotransistors from graphene ribbons that are only a few atoms wide, as reported in the current issue of the trade journal "Nature Communications."
Graphene ribbons that are only a few atoms wide, so-called graphene nanoribbons, have special electrical properties that make them promising candidates for the...
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08.12.2017 | Information Technology
08.12.2017 | Information Technology