Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


MDCT using dual energy setting may make CT colonography more 'patient-friendly'

MDCT performed with a dual energy setting may allow enhanced differentiation of polyps from fecal matter in an unprepped colon, meaning patients may be able to skip the uncomfortable colonic preparation before CT colonography, according to a new study by researchers from Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, GA.

For the study, the researchers designed a human colon model with 17 lesions to simulate polyps and six lesions to simulate fecal matter. Two abdominal radiologists independently reviewed the MDCT scans of the model. The researchers found that accuracy for detection of the polyps was 73% and 69% at the routinely used settings of 120 and 140 kVp, and 87% and 82% at the lower 80 kVp.

"CT colonography can be a valuable non-invasive tool for screening for polyps and pre-cancerous lesions; however, every patient has to undergo a tedious and uncomfortable colonic preparation prior to the procedure. The recent introduction of dual-energy CT scanners provides a window of opportunity to explore the role of dual-energy CT to differentiate between polyps and fecal matter in an unprepped colon. Our study is the first step in this direction," said Sunit Sebastian, MD, of Emory University School of Medicine and lead author of the study.

The next step for the researchers is to test whether lower CT settings would work with actual patients. "We have since obtained an IRB approval to perform a dual-energy CT colonography in patients. If favorable results are obtained in the patient population, it would mean that we could avoid or totally bypass the uncomfortable colonic preparation, thereby making CT colonography more patient-friendly. This would further enhance patient compliance for screening for colon cancer," said Dr. Sebastian.

Necoya Lightsey | EurekAlert!
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht New potential cancer treatment using microwaves to target deep tumors
12.10.2016 | University of Texas at Arlington

nachricht Breakthrough in Mapping Nicotine Addiction Could Help Researchers Improve Treatment
04.10.2016 | UT Southwestern Medical Center

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

Im Focus: Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics

'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.

Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Innovative technique for shaping light could solve bandwidth crunch

20.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

Finding the lightest superdeformed triaxial atomic nucleus

20.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

NASA's MAVEN mission observes ups and downs of water escape from Mars

20.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

More VideoLinks >>>