The Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change today released a Summary for Policy Makers that recommends crucial policy responses to the global challenge of feeding the world in the face of climate change, population growth, poverty, food price spikes and degraded ecosystems.
“This report provides an urgent call to action,” says U.S. commissioner Molly Jahn of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. “Global demand is growing for food, fodder and bioenergy crops, food prices are rising to historic levels, and extreme weather events around the world further erode food security. The good news is that there are concrete steps, supported by the best available scientific research, that we can take now.”
The Commission, comprised of 13 senior natural and social scientists from around the world, was created earlier this year to develop research-based policy changes and actions toward establishing stable, secure and sustainable global food systems in the context of a changing climate.
In making their recommendations, the commissioners cite the interconnected relationship between agriculture and the environment. As populations grow to upwards of 9 billion people, increasing demand for food, fuel and feed crops could stress many agricultural systems and result in further depletion of soil fertility, biodiversity and water resources and increased greenhouse gas emissions.
Commission chair Sir John Beddington, from the United Kingdom, says, “It’s about reorienting the whole global food system – not just agricultural production, and not just in developing countries. We need a socially equitable, global approach to produce the funding, policy, management and regional initiatives that will deliver nutrition, income and climate benefits for all.”
The Summary for Policy Makers contains seven recommendations addressing policy, investment, sustainable intensification, safety nets, consumption patterns, food waste and knowledge systems:
• Integrate food security and sustainable agriculture into global and national policies;
• Significantly raise the level of global investment in sustainable agriculture and food systems in the next decade;
• Sustainably intensify agricultural production while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other negative environmental impacts of agriculture;
• Target populations and sectors that are most vulnerable to climate change and food insecurity;
• Reshape food access and consumption patterns to ensure basic nutritional needs are met and to foster healthy and sustainable eating habits worldwide;
• Reduce loss and waste in food systems, particularly from infrastructure, farming practices, processing, distribution and household habits, and;
• Create comprehensive, shared, integrated information systems that encompass human and ecological dimensions.
The summary presents actions that the commission suggests be implemented simultaneously by a constellation of governments, international institutions, investors, agricultural producers, consumers, food companies and researchers. Recommended tactics range from shifting economic incentives and making ‘fast start’ funds available for agriculture to strengthening land rights and building transparency in food markets.
The report also emphasizes the need for multiyear commitments of financial and technical assistance to help agricultural producers build resilience to climate variability and improve their livelihoods, while contributing to climate change mitigation.
“We are already in the business of managing significant risk and navigating trade-offs,” says Jahn. “Agricultural greenhouse emissions are undeniably a significant issue. We need to innovate approaches to deal with this, but not at the expense of the food production by poor farmers today.”
The commission will share its recommendations Dec. 3, 2011, at Agriculture and Rural Development Day in Durban, South Africa, and at other policy forums throughout 2012. The final report will be released early in 2012.
The commission is financially supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development. The commission brings together senior natural and social scientists working in agriculture, climate, food and nutrition, economics, and natural resources from Australia, Brazil, Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, France, Kenya, India, Mexico, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United States and Vietnam.The Summary for Policy Makers, a full list of commissioners, and additional information are available at http://ccafs.cgiar.org/commission.
-- Jill Sakai, email@example.com, (608) 262-9772
Jill Sakai | Newswise Science News
Further reports about: > Agricultural Research > Climate change > Commission > End User Development > Food Chain Plus > Photo Summary > Rural Landscapes > Security Forum > agricultural produce > agricultural producers > agricultural production > agriculture > bioenergy crop > environmental impact > food system > gas emission > greenhouse gas > greenhouse gas emission > natural resource > sustainable agriculture
Indian roadside refuse fires produce toxic rainbow
26.10.2016 | Duke University
Inflammation Triggers Unsustainable Immune Response to Chronic Viral Infection
24.10.2016 | Universität Basel
Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
26.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy
26.10.2016 | Earth Sciences
25.10.2016 | Earth Sciences