Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

High resolution crystal structure of the ribosome opens way for exciting research

23.03.2007
The Biochemical Society’s Heatley Medal ‘for exceptional work that makes biochemistry widely accessible and usable’ has been won by Venki Ramakrishnan (MRC LMB, Cambridge) for his seminal work on the structure and function of the bacterial ribosome and for his work on the organization of the key components of eukaryotic chromatin and the enzymes that modify its state.

This work has explained, for the first time, how specificity in translation is achieved that is so much greater than that expected from the hydrogen bonding between cognate codons of tRNA and messenger RNA alone.

Dr Norman Heatley, in whose name the Award is given, is known as the scientist who overcame wartime shortages to make the production of penicillin possible and his role in paving the way for mass production was well documented in his obituaries early in 2004.

Professor Venki Ramakrishnan studied for his PhD at Ohio University and continued his research career at Yale University with Peter Moore, where he mapped the location of protein subunits within the ribosome assembly. He then established his own laboratory at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and then at Brookhaven National Laboratory, where he continued work on ribosomal proteins and initiated work on chromatin proteins. While on sabbatical at the MRC LMB, Venki solved the crystal structure of the globular domain of the histone H5 protein that is associated with compacted chromatin. In 1995 he moved from Utah to the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge where he is now Group Leader of the Structural Studies Division.

Mark Burgess | alfa
Further information:
http://www.biochemistry.org/medals/heatley.htm

Further reports about: Chromatin MRC Venki ribosome

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery
20.01.2017 | GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH

nachricht Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
20.01.2017 | DOE/Joint Genome Institute

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>