Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

High resolution crystal structure of the ribosome opens way for exciting research

23.03.2007
The Biochemical Society’s Heatley Medal ‘for exceptional work that makes biochemistry widely accessible and usable’ has been won by Venki Ramakrishnan (MRC LMB, Cambridge) for his seminal work on the structure and function of the bacterial ribosome and for his work on the organization of the key components of eukaryotic chromatin and the enzymes that modify its state.

This work has explained, for the first time, how specificity in translation is achieved that is so much greater than that expected from the hydrogen bonding between cognate codons of tRNA and messenger RNA alone.

Dr Norman Heatley, in whose name the Award is given, is known as the scientist who overcame wartime shortages to make the production of penicillin possible and his role in paving the way for mass production was well documented in his obituaries early in 2004.

Professor Venki Ramakrishnan studied for his PhD at Ohio University and continued his research career at Yale University with Peter Moore, where he mapped the location of protein subunits within the ribosome assembly. He then established his own laboratory at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and then at Brookhaven National Laboratory, where he continued work on ribosomal proteins and initiated work on chromatin proteins. While on sabbatical at the MRC LMB, Venki solved the crystal structure of the globular domain of the histone H5 protein that is associated with compacted chromatin. In 1995 he moved from Utah to the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge where he is now Group Leader of the Structural Studies Division.

Mark Burgess | alfa
Further information:
http://www.biochemistry.org/medals/heatley.htm

Further reports about: Chromatin MRC Venki ribosome

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Discovery of a Key Regulatory Gene in Cardiac Valve Formation
24.05.2017 | Universität Basel

nachricht Carcinogenic soot particles from GDI engines
24.05.2017 | Empa - Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

Im Focus: Using graphene to create quantum bits

In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.

In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Physicists discover mechanism behind granular capillary effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Measured for the first time: Direction of light waves changed by quantum effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>