The 3D-structure can provide information about critical protein-protein interactions both from a global perspective as well as all the way down to the level of minuscule molecular and biochemical detail. In much the same way, structural information can reveal a lot about the protein’s evolutionary relationships and functions. Even to provide this information about all the proteins in one organism—its proteome—would offer a more global view of these relationships, but solving each structure individually would be a formidable task.
However, in a new study published online this week in the open access journal PLoS Biology, Lars Malmström, David Baker, and colleagues have done precisely this for the model organism yeast. These researchers divided all Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins into nearly 15,000 distinct “domains” (regions of a protein that fold into a distinct quaternary globular structure). They then applied their own de novo structure prediction methods together with worldwide distributed computing to predict three-dimensional structures for all domains lacking sequence similarity to proteins of known structure.
To overcome the uncertainties in de novo structure prediction, Lars Malmström and colleagues combined these predictions with data on the biological process, function, and localization of the proteins from previous experimental studies to assign the domains to families of evolutionarily related proteins. These genome-wide domain predictions and superfamily assignments provide the basis for the generation of experimentally testable hypotheses about the mechanism of action for a large number of yeast proteins.
Andrew Hyde | alfa
Decoding the genome's cryptic language
27.02.2017 | University of California - San Diego
New risk factors for anxiety disorders
24.02.2017 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
On January 15, 2009, Chesley B. Sullenberger was celebrated world-wide: after the two engines had failed due to bird strike, he and his flight crew succeeded after a glide flight with an Airbus A320 in ditching on the Hudson River. All 155 people on board were saved.
On January 15, 2009, Chesley B. Sullenberger was celebrated world-wide: after the two engines had failed due to bird strike, he and his flight crew succeeded...
In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport
Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...
The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.
The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...
Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...
13.02.2017 | Event News
10.02.2017 | Event News
09.02.2017 | Event News
27.02.2017 | Materials Sciences
27.02.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research
27.02.2017 | Life Sciences