Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Gene Linked With Precursor to Visual Loss

29.11.2005


Gene is associated with increased risk of precursor of macular degeneration



A variant in a gene called Complement Factor H (CFH) appears to contribute to the increased risk of advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) largely or entirely through its impact on the development of a precursor of advanced AMD called soft drusen (small yellowish, extracellular deposits of lipid, protein and cellular debris in the back of the eye), according to a multinational team of researchers.

Several research groups recently showed that CFH increases the risk for advanced AMD. However until this study, the relationship between CFH, soft drusen, and advanced AMD was unclear.


In an article to be published online on November 29 by PLoS Medicine, the researchers working at the deCODE genetics Inc., Reykjavik, Iceland, the Moran Eye Center and Eccels Institute of Human Genetics of the University of Utah, USA, and the University of Iceland, found that CFH is a major risk factor for soft drusen. The researchers looked at the CFH gene and its relationship with the presence of soft drusen and AMD in 581 Icelandic patients with advanced and 435 with early AMD, and also 322 US patients with advanced and 109 with early AMD.

AMD is the most common cause of visual loss and is preceded by formation of soft drusen. However, only a portion of patients who develop soft drusen will go on to develop advanced AMD. “We have discovered that the CFH variant is a major risk factor for soft drusen, but does not appear to determine who ultimately progresses to advanced AMD, as previously proposed” , said Dr. Kristinn P. Magnusson, who led the deCODE genetics research team with Dr. Jeffrey Gulcher. Dr. Kang Zhang led the University of Utah team. The authors conclude that it is likely that there are other important genes yet to be found that contribute to the risk of age-related macular degeneration, especially among those who already have soft drusen.

Citation: Magnusson KP, Duan S, Sigurdsson H, Petursson H, Yang Z, et al. (2006) CFH Y402H confers similar risk of soft drusen and both forms of advanced AMD. PLoS Med 3(1): e5.

Paul Ocampo | alfa
Further information:
http://www.plos.org
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030005
http://www.plosmedicine.org

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Ambush in a petri dish
24.11.2017 | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

nachricht Meadows beat out shrubs when it comes to storing carbon
23.11.2017 | Norwegian University of Science and Technology

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New proton record: Researchers measure magnetic moment with greatest possible precision

High-precision measurement of the g-factor eleven times more precise than before / Results indicate a strong similarity between protons and antiprotons

The magnetic moment of an individual proton is inconceivably small, but can still be quantified. The basis for undertaking this measurement was laid over ten...

Im Focus: Frictional Heat Powers Hydrothermal Activity on Enceladus

Computer simulation shows how the icy moon heats water in a porous rock core

Heat from the friction of rocks caused by tidal forces could be the “engine” for the hydrothermal activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. This presupposes that...

Im Focus: Nanoparticles help with malaria diagnosis – new rapid test in development

The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.

Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

IceCube experiment finds Earth can block high-energy particles from nuclear reactions

24.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

A 'half-hearted' solution to one-sided heart failure

24.11.2017 | Health and Medicine

Heidelberg Researchers Study Unique Underwater Stalactites

24.11.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>