The Biaffin GmbH & Co KG is one of nine European partners of a new EU "Specifically Targeted Research Project (STREP)" started on 1 st of January 2005 for a period of three years. The project is entitled "Function of small RNAs across kingdoms (FOSRAK)" to study the hitherto unrecognised cellular role of various classes of short non-coding RNAs in regulating gene expression in a variety of organisms across different biological kingdoms like eubacteria, protists, plants and animals.
The aim of this project is the advancement of knowledge of how these riboregulators and their interacting protein components are integrated into the general network of gene expression and in developmental processes. Little is known of how the short heterochromatic RNAs (sh RNAs) interact with chromatin, short interference RNAs (si RNAs) modulate mRNA stabiltity, micro RNAs (mi RNAs) influence the level of translation and small nucleolar RNAs (sno RNAs) are involved in postranscriptional modification of ribosomal and spliceosomal small nucleolar RNAs (sn RNAs). Small RNAs from pathogenic bacteria and human small RNAs that are implicated in human diseases and cancer formation are a special focus for future therapeutic intervention.
Biaffin provides the sophisticated instrumentation of surface plasmon resonance technology coupled to mass spectrometry (BIA-MS; BIA: biomolecular interaction analysis) to identify and kinetically characterise molecular targets of regulatory RNAs. To elucidate the mechanism of RNA interaction with their targets the structural and functional aspects of small regulatory RNAs has to be studied in detail. Innovation aspects will be created to use the BIA technology for studying RNA-RNA and RNA-protein interactions.
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09.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Polymerforschung IAP
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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